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2nd International Conference on
Petrochemistry

April 25-27, 2018 | Rome, Italy

Program Schedule

  • Sessions:
    Upstream/Downstream & Midstream Integration

    Time:

    Title: Upstream Engineering: Modeling Wax Deposition in Subsea Pipeline and Asphaltene Precipitation in Flow Assurance Asphaltene Revisiting Asphaltene Precipitation from Crude Oils

    H Scott Fogler
    The University of Michigan, USA

    Biography
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    Biography

    H Scott Fogler
    The University of Michigan, USA

    H. Scott Fogler is the Ame and Catherine Vennema Professor of Chemical Engineering and the Arthur F. Thurnau Professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and was the 2009 National President of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He received his B.S. from the University of Illinois and his M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Colorado. Scott recently received a doctor honoris causa degree from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain. He is the author of the Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering which are the dominant books in this area worldwide. Scott has graduated 45 PhDs and they have published over 240 research articles and 12 books, in areas such as acidization of petroleum wells, gelation kinetics wax deposition in subsea pipelines and asphaltene flocculation and deposition kinetics. Scott is an associate editor of Energy & Fuels.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    H Scott Fogler
    The University of Michigan, USA

    Many chemical engineers are now working in the field of Upstream Engineering. Flow assurance address problem in crude oil flow from the well to the refinery. Two major problems our group has been studying are wax deposition in subsea pipeline sand asphaltene precipitation and deposition. Our research in wax deposition is the modelings of the wax build up in subsea pipelines as a function of time, physical properties and operating variables. The wax deposit thickness is necessary to specify “pigging” frequencies and to learn when the pig may get trapped in the line stopping all flow. We have developed a model that accounts for non-Newtonian flow behavior to predict the wax deposition thickness as a function of time. For several decades, it was assumed that the solubility and precipitation onset of asphaltenes could be determined using short time-length experiments, and some predictive thermodynamic models such as solubility’s index, relied on this assumption. However, using SANS, SAX, optical microscopy, and centrifugation-based separation, we demonstrated that the time required to precipitate asphaltenes could vary from a few minutes to several months. This finding that there is no critical precipitation onset has opened up a new paradigm for understanding asphaltene precipitation. The cause of slow precipitation kinetics has been shown by population balance modeling to be a reaction- limited aggregation growth process.

    Time:

    Title: New Additive Discovered for Use in Oil Base Mud Formulation

    Milap Goud
    Knnamp Enterprise, India

    Biography
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    Biography

    Milap Goud
    Knnamp Enterprise, India

    Dr. Milap Goud is an eminent professional, innovative thinker, solution seeker and entrepreneur, holding equal command on academic and industrial aspects of Hydrocarbon industry. Despite four decades industry exposure, still deeply rooted to academic world by reviewing technical papers and taking up joint research project. Successfully running and owning a consultancy firm “Knnamp Enterprise” with its own laboratory. Actively interacting with industrialists and academicians to bridge the gap between industry requirements and academic preparedness. Developed new additives from waste discard of other industry. Adopt holistic approach towards providing workable solutions with emphasis on safe-guarding the environment and adding value to enable sustained development.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Milap Goud
    Knnamp Enterprise, India

    In an attempt to find effective use of carbide sludge waste produced in the manufacturing process of Acetylene, a study has been conducted to use the same in formulation of synthetic oil base mud used for drilling oil/gas wells. After detailed investigation a new additive has been invented by carefully selecting and blending another additive in carbide sludge which also happens to be a by-product of thermal power plant process. It has been proved by this study that the new additive not only performs better than another component of mud formulation currently in use, but also reduces the cost of mud and at the same time also finds effective utilization of by-products of two industries. The use of the blend of carbide sludge and alkalinity increasing additive produced as a by-product of thermal power plant process results in a solution much desirable for everyone without adverse impact to anyone. The additive is used as an activator to emulsifier and enhances the emulsion stability of the synthetic oil base mud. The experiments were performed over an entire range of mud weight with differing OWR to ensure the effectiveness of the additive over the entire range. The dual benefit of converting waste into a useful commodity thus benefits oil industry as well as Acetylene manufacturing industries and hence assumes greater advantage. By extrapolating the current work, it can be ascertained whether the additive can facilitate reduction of emulsifier concentration and yet provide the same emulsion strength as provided by emulsifier of increased dosage, which can result in decrease of per barrel cost of formulation also.

    Time:

    Title: Increasing Refining Margins through Valorisation of low value streams in Refinery: Case Study

    Vineet Bakshi
    Deputy Process Manager, Corporate Strategy, India

    Biography
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    Biography

    Vineet Bakshi
    Deputy Process Manager, Corporate Strategy, India

    Vineet has been working in the downstream oil & gas sector for more than 11 years. Started career in refinery operations at Reliance’s Jamnagar Refinery, and then moved into Engineers India as a Process Engineer. Has worked with various clients on entire project value chain of concept to commissioning i.e. carrying out Refinery Configuration & Feasibility studies, Licensor evaluation, performing Basic & Detailed Engineering activities including start up assistance and PGTRs for major process units etc Currently working as Dy. Process Manager in Corporate Strategy at Engineers India Ltd, where his duties include carrying out Suo-motu conceptual/ prefeasibility studies for existing/ new clients suggesting value add options to increase refining margins & profitability utilising Refinery-petchem Integration, LNG integration, Gasification, Coal to olefins etc routes, developing white papers for in house/ MOP&NG/ client circulation, Evaluating new technologies in downstream sector & alternative fuels through interaction with licensors across the globe and initiate strategic tie-ups. Vineet graduated in Chemical Engineering from University School of Chemical Technology, Delhi, and successfully completed one year Executive General Management Program from Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow (Noida campus). He is member of IIChe, and a senior member of AIChe.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Vineet Bakshi
    Deputy Process Manager, Corporate Strategy, India

    Past couple of years, the falling crude oil prices may have given robust refining margins to downstream owners, however, in-order to become more competitive in today’s scenario, it has become almost inevitable to look for value added opportunities beyond conventional refining. The fact that most of the petrochemical produces offer a higher degree of margin vis-à-vis the fuels, there is a strong case for integration between refinery and Petrochemical Complex, wherein, both feed as well as energy integration can be exploited for soliciting higher revenues. Needless to say, it also gives refiners a chance to hedge his risks by being present across a large value chain. The paper, showcasing downstream integration, touches upon the challenges faced by a refiner/ petrochemical owner in today’s scenario, and the options to improve margins. Supporting the theme of refinery petrochemical integration and valorization of refinery streams, a comprehensive study has been performed at our end, wherein, integration of a petrochemical complex has been envisaged at downstream of the refinery to generate value-added products by utilizing low value feedstocks. The opportunities present to pinch the low value streams from the refineries such as refinery off gases from DCU and PFCCU, coker naphtha and other streams have been fully exploited to maximize the olefin production. Margins are further improved by routing the petcoke for steam and power generation captively. The possibility of LNG integration has also been studied. Strategically expanding refinery capacity with respect to fast track project implementation has also been looked into in order to shorten the project cycle. Keeping in mind the objective of maximizing value addition wrt product demand, the configuration of petrochemical complex has been worked out. The returns from the project post financial evaluation are extremely attractive, and have enticed the owner to give a serious thought to take forward for implementation.

    Time:

    Title: Hydrocarbon Generation by Rocks of the Bremer Formations on Conjugate Areas of the Nonvolcanic Passive Margins of Australia and Antarctica

    Galushkin Yuriy Ivanovich
    Lomonosov States University, Russia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Galushkin Yuriy Ivanovich
    Lomonosov States University, Russia

    Dr. Yurii I. Galushkin (born 1941) is leading scientist in the Earth Science Museum in Lomonosov States University. He graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. His main scientific interest is focused on thermal evolution of the lithosphere, basin modeling, numerical estimation of organic matter maturity and oil and gas generation.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Galushkin Yuriy Ivanovich
    Lomonosov States University, Russia

    The article analyzes the differences in the history of the hydrocarbons (HC) generation by rocks of the Bremer 1 – 6 formations on adjacent areas of non-volcanic passive continental margins of Australia and Antarctica. The problem is considered on the example of numerical reconstruction of the burial and thermal histories of two sedimentary sections of approximately equal thickness: the section of the 19-2012 well in the Bremer sub-basin of the south-western margin of Australia, and the section of pseudo-well 2 on the 5909 seismic profile crossing the Mawson Sea in the Antarctica margin. The asymmetry of the Gondwana rifting in the region under consideration resulted in the asymmetry in tectonic structure and development of the conjugate areas of passive margins: and, as a result, a significant difference in the history of hydrocarbon generation by the rocks of the Bremer 1 – 6 formations on the studied areas of conjugate margins. Modeling suggests that the rocks of the Bremer 1 and 2 are mainly gas prone in the Bremer basin, but they become oil prone in the Mawson Sea of Antarctica. In contrast, the rocks of the Bremer 4 and 5 formations must generate little volume of hydrocarbons in the area of the 19-2012 well according to the modeling whereas the same rocks in the conjugate area of Antarctica, in the Mawson Sea, could generate appreciable amounts of heavy and light oil.

    Sessions:
    Petrochemistry & Natural Resources and Onshore/Offshore Technology

    Time:

    Title: Evaluation of the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Basalt of Northeast Jordan

    Khalid Al Tarawneh
    Al Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan

    Biography
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    Biography

    Khalid Al Tarawneh
    Al Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Khalid Al Tarawneh
    Al Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan

    The basalt of northeast Jordan is part of a 45000 km2 lava plateau stretching over about 700 km in a NW-SE direction, from Syria through Jordan to Saudi Arabia. Basalt covers an area of 11000 km2 in northeast Jordan. The lava varies in thickness from 100 m up to 1000 m. The area is defined by the Jordanian Government as a Badia Region with priority in terms of required infrastructural development.The basalt in the study area are mostly of alkali olivine basalt type. The SiO2 content ranges from 42.1 to 48.66%, while Na2O+K2O content from 3.1 to 5.2%. The mineralogy of basalt shows that the Ti-aguite, olivine and plagioclase are the most abundant minerals. Due to mass demand on excellent concrete quality for infrared and super structures in Jordan, intensive field and laboratory works were carried out to determine quality and quality locations as a source for aggregate. For this purpose representative basaltic samples were studied from three main quarries in Al-Azraq province, Tel Hassan, Q’a Khanna and Al-Asfar/Al-Aritiayn areas. Necessary and accentual quality control tests, were carried out to determine the petrographic, chemical, physical and mechanical properties of target samples. All tests have been carried out at the laboratory of Natural Resources Authority. Aggregate from basaltic origin were tested since a sample is considered as a vital constituent of normal concrete mixtures, it forms about 60-80% of normal concrete volume and hence plays an important rule in concrete strength and production cost. The results of this research showed the importance of using the basalt in many industrial application as concrete or as light -weight aggregates as will be discussed in this article.

    Time:

    Title: Effect of Gas Flaring on Tree Species Diversity, Richness and Evenness around Oshie Gas Flaring Station, Ahoada West Lga, Rivers State, Nigeria

    Olatunde Eludoyin
    University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

    Biography
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    Biography

    Olatunde Eludoyin
    University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

    Dr Olatunde Sunday Eludoyin holds B.Sc (Ed) Geography from Obafemi Awolowo University (Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo Campus) in 1999. Thereafter, he proceeded to the University of Ibadan where he obtained M.Sc. (GIS) in 2002; M.Sc. (Geography) in 2004 and Ph.D (Biogeography) in 2016. He has about forty (40) publications in the national and international journals. Dr Eludoyin has been involved in many projects as a GIS Analyst. He has been an Online Editor for British Journal of Environment and Climate Change; South African Journal of Plant and Soil; Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology; Time Journal of Social Sciences; American Chemical Science Journal; Journal of Geography and Regional Planning and Sage Open Journal. Dr Eludoyin is a member of various international and national professional bodies including Association of Nigerian Geographers (Nigeria), Forestry Association of Nigeria (Nigeria) and International Society for Development and Sustainability (Japan). Dr Eludoyin got married to Mrs Esther Bosede Eludoyin and has three children (Iyanuoluwa, Inioluwa and Ireoluwa).



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Olatunde Eludoyin
    University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

    The study examined the effects of gas flaring on tree species diversity and richness around Oshie Gas Flaring Station, Ahoada West LGA, Rivers State, Nigeria. Three quadrats of 20m x20m were laid at random in a radius 100m, 200m and 300m from the gas flaring station. In each quadrat, tree species at ≥10m diameter at breast height (1.37m) were identified and enumerated from which the individual tree stand, tree diversity, richness and evenness were computed using standard methods. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data in the study. Findings revealed that a total of 22 tree species were identified and enumerated in the entire study area. The total tree stands that were 241 and majority (40.2%) were found at the radius of 300m. The species diversity was 0.872, 0.908 and 0.884 at the radius of 100m, 200m and 300m respectively. The species richness was highest (2.5248) at the radius of 200m. The species evenness was least (0.3967) at the distance of 100m and highest (0.4023) at the radius of 300m. There was a significant correlation between the number of tree stand and species diversity (r=0.954; p<0.05). The study recommended that gas flaring activities should be reduced to reduce its detrimental effect on biodiversity. Finally, effective understanding of the overall impact of gas flaring on the environment should be encouraged for effective management of sustainable natural resources for man’s existence and livelihood in the Niger Delta.

    Time:

    Title: Methane Foams as Precursor to Methane Hydrates

    Jestin B Mandumpal
    Khazar University, Azerbaijan

    Biography
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    Biography

    Jestin B Mandumpal
    Khazar University, Azerbaijan

    Dr. Jestin Baby Mandumpal is a Lecturer in the Department of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Khazar University, Baku, Azerbaijan. As a physical and computational chemist, he has worked on a wide spectrum of research themes employing quantum and classical methodologies on solids, liquids and aqueous solutions. His research endeavours have produced several high quality research articles & a book (The Molecular mechanism of solvent Cryoprotection) in the fields of computational material science and education. Besides, he has procured invaluable teaching experience in chemistry from several countries. Currently he is leading a research group at newly established Khazar Computing Research Center. His research interests include the development of faster computer simulation methods and their applications in simulating liquids and aqueous solutions, and development and application of software for novel material design. He is also interested in history and philosophy of science, and how society is shaped by science and technology.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Jestin B Mandumpal
    Khazar University, Azerbaijan

    We report an alternative conceptual model to describe the interactions between solute and solvent molecules in methane–water foams, emphasizing the preferential orientation of water molecules around methane (solute). The mechanism derived from our classical force field based Molecular Dynamics simulations, carried out at a specified range of temperatures and followed by a simple geometrical analysis, explains the rationale as to why the intermolecular interactions between water molecules have not been disrupted significantly even with the presence of considerable number of methane molecules. This conceptual model explains mechanical stability conferred to the host water lattice around solute molecules (methane) via unbroken ring of hydrogen bonds. In addition, solute−solute cross correlation functions provide compelling evidence to clustering in methane−water foams as well as for the stability of water structure.

    Time:

    Title: Thermal Regime and Hydrocarbon Generation in the Apsheron Trough of the South Caspian

    Galushkin Yu I
    Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Galushkin Yu I
    Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia

    Dr. Yurii I. Galushkin (born 1941) is leading scientist in the Earth Science Museum in Lomonosov States University. He graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. His main scientific interest is focused on thermal evolution of the lithosphere, basin modeling, numerical estimation of organic matter maturity and oil and gas generation.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Galushkin Yu I
    Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia

    Changes in maturity level of organic matter (OM) and realization of hydrocarbon potential by of the South Caspian Basin are analyzed numerically by the example of sedimentary sections of the South Absheron and Pre-Elburz depressions. The modeling suggests that the "oil window” is located at depths from 4.5 to 9 km in the modern sections of the depressions and includes the rocks of the Productive and Pontian formations. However, these rocks are no source rocks, because they have very low TOC and contain mainly kerogen of the type III. Source rocks in the Basin are the deposits of the Diatomic and Maikop formations. The non-steady thermal regime of the mantle in the region and avalanche sedimentation in the Pliocene-Quaternary had a significant influence on the history of hydrocarbon generation in the basin, shifting the time of intense hydrocarbon generation to the present time. According to the calculations, the maximum generation of light oil by the rocks of the Maikop and Diatomic formations occurred for the last 2 to 7 million years. Such recent hydrocarbon generation and significant role of vertical migration of hydrocarbons determine leading contribution of the Maikop and Diatomic suites to formation of oil and gas accumulations, despite these suites in present-day sedimentary section locate below “oil generation window”.

    Sessions:
    Oil and Gas Fields Development

    Time:

    Title: Know How to Engineer the Cost of Oil & Gas Projects on Uncertainty

    Sadegh Yazdani
    CEO, Nazm Pooyan Sanat Novin, Iran

    Biography
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    Biography

    Sadegh Yazdani
    CEO, Nazm Pooyan Sanat Novin, Iran

    Sadegh Yazdani is an International energy industry leader with over 25 years of experience, Managing Director of NPSN Co. and a published author of 15 books in the area of energy management, operation management, financial and cost engineering. High-profile executive providing technical and business expertise helping the project owners how to maximize benefit from the energy projects. Offers comprehensive training solutions in Project / Operational Management, Risk Management, Cost Engineering / Management. Conducted training for 1255 trainees in the total of 40160 hours in 11 countries. Developer and simulator for cost modeling and financing of Oil & Gas in Upstream, Midstream and Downstream sectors. Directed 6 onshore projects in the fields of wellhead facilities, Gas Gathering Units, Central Processing Facilities, Gas Compression Station, and Gas Pipeline and was a Project Director Deputy for 2 offshore platform projects.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Sadegh Yazdani
    CEO, Nazm Pooyan Sanat Novin, Iran

    A review of 5-years published reports has presented the probability of cost and time overrun of oil & gas projects which is around 60.5%. By studying similar statistics, an important question comes to mind: is the project still stable and feasible with such a big amount of uncertainty? The further researches on the challenges force us toredefinethe concepts and reengineeringthe process of forecasting, estimation, budgeting, control and risk analysis of oil & gas projects. This article provides a method for conceptual engineering of cost of the projects in the Persian Gulf region (Iran, Kuwait, Iraq, Qatar and Saudi Arabia). Findings from the research present a methodology which addresses us to: projects’ stakeholders, engineering of cost, interactions between project environmental characteristics, project technical specifications, technology, consultants, design, procurement, subcontractors, methods of forecasting schedule of rates, structure of management and risks which cause costs overrun. Chaos theory is used to explain how cost overrun occurs in projects and Chi-square method is used for generalizing the developedmethodology. This article, also,provides a case study for cost engineering of an oil production offshore platform in order to explain the methodology clearly. As a result, it is suggested that the methodology is usedfor some on-going projects in other regions in order to globalization.

    Time:

    Title: The Role of the Active Carbons in the Ecology of the Production, Transportation and Processing of Oil

    Victor Mukhin
    Join stoct company, Electrostal scientific-production Association "Neorganika, Russia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Victor Mukhin
    Join stoct company, Electrostal scientific-production Association "Neorganika, Russia

    Victor Mukhin has born in August 1946 in the city of Orsk, Orenburg region, Russia. In 1970 graduated from St. Petersburg technological Institute, specialty "Chemistry and technology of sorbents" Work in "ESPA «Neorganika (Elektrostal) as head of the laboratory of active carbons. Candidate and doctoral dissertations defended at Russian chemical-technological University D. M. Mendeleev (in 1979 and 1997, respectively) Professor Mendeleev University in Moscow. Research interests: production, study and application of active carbons, technological and environmental preadsorption processes, environmentally friendly technology. Author 880 scientific papers, including 3 monographs and 3 catalogues on carbon sorbents. Honored inventor of Russia 270 patents, of which 150 are put into production. The academic title of Professor on specialty of ecology.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Victor Mukhin
    Join stoct company, Electrostal scientific-production Association "Neorganika, Russia

    Active carbons (AC) plays a special, even decisive role in the protection of the environment from harmful emissions and a wide range of issues of environmental security. In the extraction, transportation and processing of oil, you may experience cases where liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons into the biosphere and is required to apply measures for the protection of the environment. And here are special difficulties: liquid hydrocarbons persistent, and vapor - and gas – highly volatile. The physico-chemical properties of active carbons can be used effectively to solve environmental problems in the industry. Active carbons (activated carbons) is a highly porous solid substance, derived from carbonaceous materials (coals, wood, peat, etc.), with a developed inner surface from hundreds to 2500 m2/g and having high absorption characteristics by the impurities, in clean environments (air, water, soil, etc.). The environmental application areas of AC in the oil sector of the economy the following: the elimination of accidents on the rig associated with the spillage of oil into soil or water sources, the establishment of protective zones to prevent the migration of herbicides used to protect the piping from hitting weeds, recovery of solvent vapors in petrochemical production and refining of liquid petrochemical products, sanitary air purification and sewage treatment on enterprises of oil refining and petrochemistry. Environmental preadsorption technologies can be applied in the oil industry primarily in the liquidation of oil spills on soils with agricultural land and is also in contact with crude oil in reservoirs and aquifers. Equally important is the use of AC in the purification of wastewater and recycled water at the enterprises of oil refining and petrochemistry. Special almost indispensable role of AC in the processes of recovery of hydrocarbons and various solvents emitted in technological processes. Also most of the processes of sanitary cleaning of air in these plants is provided by active carbons. The development of new technologies in the oil and refining industries raises particular challenges for the effective synthesis of carbon adsorbents and market volume and breadth of applications of AC here are truly endless. The concept of sustainable development cannot be achieved without active carbons in relation to the significant contamination of water, soil and agricultural products.

    Time:

    Title: Performance Analysis of LPG Vaporization System Using Solar Assisted Heat Pump in Different Climate Zones in China

    Guo-Hua Shi
    North China Electric Power University, China

    Biography
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    Biography

    Guo-Hua Shi
    North China Electric Power University, China

    Guo-Hua Shi obtained his Ph.D. from the North China Electric Power University. Dr Guo-Hua Shi serves as an Associate Professor at the North China Electric Power University and is an academic visiting scholar at the University of Melbourne. He has extensive experience in the utilization of clean or renewable energy. His research interests involve utilization of natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas, solar thermal energy, renewable energy with specialization in distributed energy system, and energy efficiency. Now his research focus on the vaporization of LPG and LNG by use of solar assisted heat pump.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Guo-Hua Shi
    North China Electric Power University, China

    In this paper, a novel LPG vaporization system utilizing direct-expansion solar assisted heat pump (DX-SAHPV) is presented to reduce the conventional energy consumption of LPG vaporization as well as to broaden various applications of solar assisted heat pump technology. Six operation modes of the DX-SAHPV system were introduced according to the particular character of LPG spontaneous vaporization, variational gas loads and different meteorological parameters. Dynamic models for solar assisted heat pump, thermal storage water tank, LPG vaporizer and auxiliary gas burner were developed and used for the evaluation of the system performance. The thermal performance of the DX-SAHPV system was investigated in three different climate zones (Beijing, Shanghai and Lhasa) using a simulation program. The simulation results show that the system can operate stably and the variation of operation performance has a similar trend under different weather conditions. The annual coefficients of performance of this system are 3.10 in Beijing, 3.09 in Shanghai and 3.25 in Lhasa, while the corresponding annual collector efficiencies are 1.19, 1.47 and 1.04, respectively. The higher both solar radiations and ambient temperatures are, the better the thermal performances become.

    Time:

    Title: Comprehensive Geologic and Physical Reservoir Characteristics and Geological-Field Data Analysis for Selection of Reservoirs for Injectivity Profile Leveling

    Elena Baikova
    All-Russian Oil and Gas Scientific Research Institute, Russia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Elena Baikova
    All-Russian Oil and Gas Scientific Research Institute, Russia

    Elena Baikova is Deputy Director of the Center of reservoir modeling and reservoir and production engineering in Krylov All-Russian Oil and Gas Scientific Research Institute (VNIIneft JSC), Moscow, Russia. Elena Baykova worked in West Siberia more than 30 years, has extensive experience in the development of oil and oil-and-gas fields. Her main scientific interest is focused in EOR. Author of 20 scientific articles PhD of geology and oil field development.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Elena Baikova
    All-Russian Oil and Gas Scientific Research Institute, Russia

    Flow diverting technologies are now becoming the important element of the oilfield development system with waterflooding, which allows to improve long-term reserve potential, cut down produced water withdrawals and increase the heterogeneous reservoirs coverage by waterflooding. A large amount of work is done for injectivity profile leveling at the fields of Western Siberia (Nizhnevartovskiy district). The production formations are divided into three groups of layers: A, B and U, which differ greatly in permeability: A - av. permeability is 92 mD, B - av. permeability - 582 mD and U - average permeability - 22 mD. 764 wells operations have been completed at 17 fields over the past three years. The efficiency rate is 92% with an average effect duration of 300 days. Four main groups of injectivity profile leveling (IPL) technologies are distinguished: gel-forming systems (GFS); visco-elastic compounds (VEC); polymer-dispersed systems (PDS) and precipitate-forming systems (PFS). A two-stage system of reservoir ranking has been prepared to estimate the applicability of injectivity profile leveling methods. The methodology uses parameters that have a significant effect on method’s efficiency. At the first stage, the field (reservoir) development status is determined and the general rank is assigned according to the following indicators: • The ratio of the number of producing and injection wells; • The ratio of total output of oil from initial recoverable reserves of oil (%) / watercut; • Residual recoverable reserves of oil per 1 well; • Ratio of water-oil ratio (WOR) to total output of oil. At the second stage, the objects are ranked according to the geologic and physical reservoir characteristics (GPC) in a similar scheme of the first stage, and the general rank of the GPC is assigned. The weight coefficients of reservoir characteristics are expertly determined by the statistics methods. The reservoirs on which there has not yet been applied injectivity profile leveling technologies are analyzed through a two-stage ranking system. The priority reservoirs are suggested for the works for leveling of injectivity profile of injection wells for the purpose of regulation technology water flood recovery.

    Time:

    Title: Investigation of Fire and Explosion Properties Caused by Pre-Mixed Hydrocarbon-Air in Oil and Gas Industries

    Jafar Zanganeh
    The University of Newcastle, Australia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Jafar Zanganeh
    The University of Newcastle, Australia

    Fire and explosion caused by premixed hydrocarbon- air is a major safety concern in industries handling these compounds such as petrochemical. This paper aims to simulate the characteristics of fire and explosion may occur in a fuel- vent line attached to an abatement unit. The outcomes of this study assist with better understanding of the flame propagation properties as well as determine the most appropriate fire and explosion mitigation method. Simulations were conducted using FLACS 10.6, developed by Gexcon, to simulate the open-ended premixed combustion of methane-air in a long straight tube. The concentrations of methane were 6%, 7%, 9%, and 9.5% of methane in air, and the fuel region sizes considered were 6, and 12 m within a 0.5 m diameter 30 m long open-ended tube. In addition, the effect of scale and geometry on the flame propagation characteristics was studied on a smaller tube of 5 m long and 75 mm in diameter. The software was then used to simulate the effect of initial ignition energy on flame propagation velocity. Explosion over pressures were found to be under predicted by the software, though, flame speeds and pressure wave behaviours had a correlation with experimental results from previous studies. It was predicted that fuel concentration and tube length have a significant impact on the explosion properties and flame propagation speed.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Jafar Zanganeh
    The University of Newcastle, Australia

    Dr Jafar Zanganeh is a Chemical Engineer with over 12 years of experience in the chemical and fireengineering field. He completed his PhD in 2010 at the University of Newcastle, NSW. Dr Zanganeh has sustained a steady record of qualitypublications since 2008, comprising 25 refereed journal articles, 17 peer reviewed conference papers and posters which has been in notational and international conferences. He equally values the importance of research training and, as such, he is supervising number of postgraduate students and technical staff. Since 2014, Dr Zanganeh has had 1 PhD completion by student under his supervision. He currently supervises 4 PhD students. He has heavily been involved as one of the CI in the VAM Safety project grant application which attracted $25M fund from the industry (ACALET) partner and (Federal government) in Australia. Dr Zanganeh is currently employed as project manager with PRC for Frontier Energy Technologies and Utilisation Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment at the Universityof Newcastle.

    Time:

    Title: Global Optimization of Oxidative Condensation reaction of Methane

    Amanzhan Saginaev
    Atyrau of Oil and Gas University, Kazakhstan

    Biography
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    Biography

    Amanzhan Saginaev
    Atyrau of Oil and Gas University, Kazakhstan

    Amanzhan SAGINAYEV – Doctor of chemical sciences, professor. He is employed by Atyrau of Oil & Gas University for the Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Kazakhstan, as the head of laboratory of engineering profile “Petrochemistry” and as a professor of department “Chemistry and Chemical Technology”. Basic scientific areas: chemistry of adamantane and other framework hydrocarbons, petro chemistry and oil refining.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Amanzhan Saginaev
    Atyrau of Oil and Gas University, Kazakhstan

    In the paper based on summarizing the results of the analysis and kineticobjective laws the optimization of oxicondensation process of methane has been presented. Several kinetic equations were selected and their adequacy was examined. On the basis of an adequate equation were selected the optimal conditions for oxicondensationreaction of methane: T = 1023 K; MPa; MPa; the volume rate of 55.8 mol/kg.cat.hour; the linear velocity of ω = 2.2 cm/sec; the catalyst size 2.4 mm. Keywords: gas chromatography, methane, oxygen, ethylene, catalyst, simplex method, optimization. Introduction One of the main ways of conversion of light hydrocarbons is a heterogeneous catalytic oxidation [1]. Studying the process of heterogeneous catalytic oxidation of methane in useful products can be conditionally divided into two areas. One of them depends on obtaining valuable oxygen containing compounds - methanol and formaldehyde. This directionhas been developing for a long time and were achieved certain success in investigation of the process mechanism and influence of the nature of the active centers of catalysts to their efficiency and selectivity. The second direction - the catalytic oxidative condensation of methane in higher hydrocarbons (mainly ethane, ethylene, propylene and acetylene) –has begun to be developed relatively recently. Nevertheless during this very short timea substantial number of effective catalysts, allowing, for example, to receive hydrocarbons C2with the yield 30% was developed[1-2]. To the number of the top priority tasksin developing technology for obtaining ethylene by oxidative condensation reaction of methane with oxygen in air belongs, development of a new catalyst having as compared with known catalysts high activity, selectivity and productivity. Practical part In recent years, for the analysis of gaseous and liquid products of catalytic reactions the methods of gas chromatography were preferable in comparison with other methods. This is an opportunity for simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of components,obtaining samples without stopping the catalytic process, carring the analysis out continuously. It provides to get reliable results in studying kinetic objective laws of the reactions. Therefore, gaseous and liquid products of oxicondensationreaction of methane were analyzed by gas chromatography (Gazochrom 3101 and Tsvet100, the model 165). In the oxidative condensation process of methane with air is formed a gas mixture consisting of nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon oxides, methane, ethylene and acetylene. To find the optimal conditions for the separation of such a mixture was prepared an artificial mixture of similar composition. For the separation of components in a chromatographic column an activated carbonwas used as a sorbent. The optimal values of parameters that provide the best possible separation of the mixture components, were found by simplex method from adequate regression equations. Thus optimal conditions for separating the components of the mixture separated in a chromatographic column on activated carbon are as follows: the column thermostat temperature-50oC, the current of carrier gas (nitrogen) - 35 ml/min; the size of glass column -1.0x0.003m; TCD detector. The chromatogram of the reaction mixture obtained under optimum conditions is shown in Figure 1. It is shownfrom the figure that there is almost complete separation of the mixture components at optimum conditions. Hydrogen, carbon oxide (II) and unreacted methane have similar retention times, but are indicated by individual peaks which is a sign of their complete separation (RS> 0,85). Retention times of ethylene and acetylene respectively more, their peaks far removed (RS = 4,32). In selected conditions other gaseous products of the reaction (O2, CO2) are not specified. Fig.1. Chromatogram of the reaction products on catalyst (Mn2O3)x • (KCl)y • (ZrO2)z The qualitative composition of the mixture was determined by comparison with the retention times of reference compounds, and quantitative –by the method of absolute calibration. By the number of the resulting products was determined the yield.To check the reproduction of the results was carried out 7-time analysis of each sample and found metrological characteristics of the analysis. The reproduction of the results is within normal limits, the relative error does not exceed 2.3%, and it provides reliable results in the study of oxicondensationreaction of methane. Therefore, the kinetic regularities of the process have been studied by this method. In deriving kinetic equations of catalytic oxidative condensation of methane catalyst as defining (limiting) stages was selected the adsorption step (its speed) of methane and oxygen on the catalyst surface. Adsorption, which proceeds on the catalyst surface is monolayer, and methane and oxygen adsorbed on different active centers. The reaction of catalytic oxidation of hydrocarbons proceeds by the mechanism of Mars-Van Krevelen and obeys the kinetic equation [3]. (1) The steps of reduction and oxidation of the catalyst are practically irreversible and therefore in equation (1) are not included adsorption, i.e. parameters corresponding to the mechanism of Langmuir-Hinshelwood. For n = 1 in the equation of Mars-Van Krevelen it fully meets the reactions of catalytic oxidation of hydrocarbons. The stepwise oxidation - reduction mechanism of catalytic oxidation is inherent in many reactions taking place with the participation of oxides at high temperatures. In this the speed of reduction and oxidation has very high values. At low temperatures, the reaction can go on association, “conjugate” mechanism. Thus oxygen and oxidizable reactant influences on the catalystsimultaneously. Then the kinetic equation of the reaction corresponds to Langmuir-Hinshelwood equation: (2) where and - adsorption coefficients of hydrocarbon and oxygen. The separately taken steps of interaction of the reactants with the catalyst is much less than the velocity of the catalytic reaction as a whole. Hence, considering that the reaction of catalytic oxicondensation of methane occurs at high temperature, it can be described by kinetic equations corresponding to Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Considering that sorption process on the catalyst surface obeys the Langmuir isotherm, as the kinetic equations of catalytic oxicondensation of methane were offered [3] the following equations of Langmuir-Hinshelwood type: (3) (4) (5) It is important to establish sufficient corresponds one of the equations (3-5) received by the experimental kinetic laws, obtained in a differential reactor. Based on these equations and results of the experiments the parameters of kinetic equations must be determined under condition of minimal deviation of the sum of the squares of experimental values from ones calculated theoretically. Therefore, as a criterion of the adequacy of the kinetic equation the fulfillment of the following condition has been chosen: From the kinetic point of view, the solution of these equations was found by experiments within the changes of kinetic parameters and their coincidence with the calculated, i.e. proved the adequacy of the equations. Solution of the kinetic equations, proposed for the reaction of catalytic oxicondensation of methane has been found based on the values of the reaction rate constants k, adsorption coefficientsof oxygen and methane( ), and their partial pressures ( ) and experimental reaction rate (W). Data with high adequacy are the constants and coefficients calculated according to the equation (4)that have been selected for further calculations. The standard deviation, presentedon this equation does not exceed ~5% and adequately meets within the change of the kinetic parameters of the process. For this reason, as an equation that satisfies the flow of oxicondensationreaction of methane on the catalyst with the composition (Mn2O3)x • (ZrO2)y • (KCl)z was equation (4). It is known from literature that the activation energy of complete oxidation of methane isE~250 kJ/mol. This value implies to carry out a complete oxidation of methane in strict environments. At the same time the energy for breaking C-H bonds in methane molecule is equal to E ~ 84 kJ/mol [3]. The halides, introduced in the catalyst composition, decrease the reaction activation energy to 16 kJ/mol. The radical mechanism of the reaction flow was indicated. Therefore, the definition of the activation energy of this reaction (Ea) in the catalyst with the composition (Mn2O3)x • (ZrO2)y • (KCl)z gives important information about the efficiency of the catalyst, and the reaction mechanism. The activation energy (Ea) for the oxicondensationreaction of methane on shown catalyst is defined by the dependence of logarithm of the rate constant and the reciprocal of the absolute temperature of the reaction. Its value is 35.5 kJ / mol and shows the effectiveness of the selected catalyst to break the C - H bond. The selected kinetic equation for studied reaction was used to select the optimum conditions for carrying out the process. Using the values of the rate constants and the adsorption coefficients of methane and oxygen has been calculated the reaction rate from the partial pressure of methane and oxygen, as well as drawn graphs of these dependences (Fig. 2 and 3). Figure 2 shows that in the range of temperatures studied the dependence of the reaction rate on the partial pressure of methane has an extreme character. Ethylene formation rate is proportional to the temperature, but is not proportional to the partial pressure of methane. Upon reaching the methane partial pressure of 0.038 MPa, the reaction rate becomes maximum (12.0 mol/kg.cat.h). The same regularity was observed in the study of dependence of the reaction rate on the partial pressure of oxygen (Figure 3). The most optimal conditions were: temperature of 1023 K and oxygen partial pressure of 0.014 MPa. Optimal conditions for the formation of ethylene: and . The stoichiometric ratio of the conversion reaction of methane to ethylene should be 2:1. However, the calculations produced by the above method show the ratio of 2.7:1. Under optimal conditions, chosen according to equation (4) (T = 1023K, the relative volumetric rate of 55.8 mol / kg.cat.h., , )the rate of ethylene formation is 11.8 mol / kg.cat.h. Conclusions 1. Kinetic regularities of the process of methane oxicondensationon the catalyst with the composition (Mn2O3)x • (ZrO2)y • (KCl)z, impregnated on keramzit were studied. 2. Dependence of the reaction rates on the partial pressures of the initialsubstances and the temperature on differential reactor has been shownand developed a kinetic model of the process. 3. The kinetic equation was offered and estimated its adequacy. 4. The optimum conditions found from adequate equation, were: T = 1023 K; MPa; MPa; the volume rate of 55.8 mol/kg.cat.h.; the linear velocity of ω = 2,2sm / sec; the catalyst size 2¸4 mm. Under these conditions, the formation rate of ethylene of 11.8 mol/kg.cat.hour.

    Time:

    Title: Application of Optimization Algorithm in Oil and Gas Field Development: Review

    Nooshin Jabbari

    Biography
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    Biography

    Nooshin Jabbari



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Nooshin Jabbari

    Oil and gas field development due to decrease new field discoveries, become more and more important. An efficient and optimized field development plan is a crucial and primary aspect for increasing profitability most effectively. For economical field development, it is essential to optimize decisions such as well locations and types, production rate, water injection rate, So many researches focus on mathematical optimization algorithms that have proven to be a powerful tool for optimization field development. This article provides a concise review of mathematical algorithms and dynamic modeling for optimization oil and gas fields’ development and mathematical modeling for solving the problems.

  • Sessions:
    Petrochemistry in Industries, Petrochemistry and Mineral Chemistry and Product Innovation (fuel, lubricants, additives, bitumen)

    Time:

    Title: Petrochemicals - Trends and challenges

    Dorothee Arns
    Executive Director, Petrochemicals Europe, Europe

    Biography
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    Biography

    Dorothee Arns
    Executive Director, Petrochemicals Europe, Europe

    Dorothee Arns, a German national, completed her university studies in Saarbruecken (Germany), Dublin (Ireland) and Granada (Spain) with two Master degrees: one in Applied Languages & Linguistics and the other one in Business Administration with special focus on Marketing, International Management and private law. Her professional career in the chemical industry started in 1995 when she joined the marketing & sales trainee programme of BASF in Ludwigshafen. In the course of the years she held senior management positions in various areas of BASF ìs chemicals business, notably in marketing, sales, eBusiness and controlling. On 1 July 2013 she was appointed Executive Director of Cefic’s Petrochemicals and Plastic Additives Programme as well as of Petrochemicals Europe, the Association of Petrochemical Producers in Europe.



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    Abstract

    Dorothee Arns
    Executive Director, Petrochemicals Europe, Europe

    The intervention will focus on the following elements: How the European Petrochemicals industry contributes in a sustainable way to the economic and societal well-being of Europe. How chemical markets evolve. Why a lower oil price doesn’t change the situation for the European Petrochemicals industry. The competitiveness challenge for the European Petrochemicals industry: Feedstock price, electricity price, regulatory challenge, investment leakage. Debrief on the European Commission’s cumulative costs assessment of its legislation on the European Petrochemicals industry. The performance of the European Petrochemicals industry in reducing GHG emissions.

    Time:

    Title: Accessing the Viability of Coal as an Alternate Feedstock for Petrochemical Import Substitution

    Vineer Bakshi
    Deputy Process Manager, Corporate Strategy, India

    Biography
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    Biography

    Vineer Bakshi
    Deputy Process Manager, Corporate Strategy, India

    Vineet has been working in the downstream oil & gas sector for more than 11 years. Started career in refinery operations at Reliance’s Jamnagar Refinery, and then moved into Engineers India as a Process Engineer. Has worked with various clients on entire project value chain of concept to commissioning i.e. carrying out Refinery Configuration & Feasibility studies, Licensor evaluation, performing Basic & Detailed Engineering activities including start up assistance and PGTRs for major process units etc Currently working as Dy. Process Manager in Corporate Strategy at Engineers India Ltd, where his duties include carrying out Suo-motu conceptual/ prefeasibility studies for existing/ new clients suggesting value add options to increase refining margins & profitability utilising Refinery-petchem Integration, LNG integration, Gasification, Coal to olefins etc routes, Developing white papers for in house/ MOP&NG/ client circulation, evaluating new technologies in downstream sector & alternative fuels through interaction with licensors across the globe and initiate strategic tie-ups. Vineet graduated in Chemical Engineering from University School of Chemical Technology, Delhi, and successfully completed one year Executive General Management Program from Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow (Noida campus). He is member of IIChe, and a senior member of AIChe.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Vineer Bakshi
    Deputy Process Manager, Corporate Strategy, India

    While India has achieved way more than self sufficiency, and is a leading exporter of refining products, the petrochemical industry is still largely dependent on imports; total petrochemical imports stands more than 30%. Options do exist within the nation to cut down these petrochemical imports and move towards self-reliance. Exploiting the Chemical value of coal, besides thermal, is one such option available which needs to be analysed Keeping feedstock security in mind, the paper provides a holistic view on Coal as an alternate feedstock options for chemical & petrochemical generation in India. It touches upon the challenges faced by an owner in today’s scenario, the options to improve margins, incentives & challenges for gasification. A case study is carried out to access the viability of Petrochemicals/ chemical production using high ash Indian coal. Further a sensitivity analysis is also done to access the competitiveness as various feedstock prices. Also worth mentioning that for fulfilling India’s commitment to UNFCCC via INDCs, to reduce emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 level, usage of technologies like gasification cannot be over-looked. A fertilizer complex downstream of a Gasification complex offers perfect synergy for CO2 sequestration further, the gas, SNG and methanol made from gasification can be used in power plants, and fuelling the automotive and power industry. GOI has been advocating the gas based economy, and is expected to come out with a mandate for methanol usage along with natural gas for transportation as well as for marine fuel also. Further to this, Methanol, as demonstrated above via case studies, can further be value-added and serve as an attractive feedstock to petrochemical industry. The Methane rich gas generated can be hooked to the natural gas pipeline of planned regional grid or routed for CGD for nearby customers. Results of the study wrt project return, and the cost of production are attractive, and would definitely invite a lot of attention of the policy-makers and investors to opt for coal for petrochemical import substitution

    Time:

    Title: Mineralogical and Physico-Chemical Characterisation of Clay Minerals in Grombalia Area (Eastern Northern Tunisia)

    Faical Turki
    University of Sfax, Tunisia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Faical Turki
    University of Sfax, Tunisia



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Faical Turki
    University of Sfax, Tunisia

    In Tunisia, clays represent an abundant natural substance and count among the useful materials whose valorisation is very significant for the Tunisian economy. To contribute to the improvement of the bank of data on the outcrops of clays in Tunisia, we carried out a mineralogical and physicochemical characterisation of some representative samples, which belong to clays levels of the Cretaceous-Paleogene located at the North-East of Tunisia. X-ray diffraction, for the determination of the mineral species was made on oriented aggregates. Chemical analyses were made by X-ray fluorescence. The results of these analyses show that the representative clay fraction of Barremien series is richest in kaolinite. Representative clay fraction of Aptian series is richest in illite. That representative Late Eocene sere is richest in smectite. Infra-red spectroscopy, thermic analyses, surface properties, morphological observation confirm the results of cristallochimic analyses The results of this study enable us to advance that these clays, considering their properties mineralogical and physicochemical, can be used in several industrial geotechnics and environmental applications.

    Time:

    Title: Mineralogical evidence for warm and dry climatic conditions in the Neo-Tethys (eastern Turkey) during the middle Eocene

    Luigi Jovane
    Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

    Biography
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    Biography

    Luigi Jovane
    Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

    Luigi Jovane is a Professor from the Institute Oceanographic da Universidade de São Paulo (IOUSP). Expert of Magneto stratigraphy with applications in the study of climate variations and global events. Participated in ANDRILL and IODP Expeditions: 325, 344 and 359. Member of the Scientific Committee IODP-CAPES-BRAZIL. President of the International Office of IOUSP Courses taught and research interests: Paleomagnetism, Applied Marine Geophysics, Stratigraphic Methods, Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Luigi Jovane
    Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

    Minerals in stratigraphic sections are valuable tools for reconstructing past environmental conditions. Given the state of preservation of clay minerals, it is possible to determine under what conditions they formed, which provides clues about continental weathering (inherited minerals) and geochemical conditions in the water column (neoformed or transformed). This study presents new mineralogical data for the Baskil section, a well-preserved middle Eocene Neo-Tethys sequence (eastern Turkey). This interval coincides with the time of the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (MECO), from which we obtained a mineralogical signature of this warming global event in the region. Silicate minerals (phyllosilicates, quartz, and albite) increase in the section from 40.5 to 40 Ma, indicating a higher content of terrigenous input, which diluted the carbonate content. Authigenicpalygorskite increases from the middle to the uppermost portion of the section, indicating favorable conditions in the water column and pore waters for its formation. We recognize that conditions in ocean circulation changed after ~40 Ma, forming a stratified water column with warmer and more saline conditions at greater depths, favoring palygorskite and possibly authigenic dolomite precipitation. The mineralogical variations of the Baskil section reflect how detrital sources and weathering regimes changed in this area during the middle Eocene, and how these changes can be related to global (i.e. MECO), regional, and local processes.

    Time:

    Title: Obtaining of Carbon Fibers by Utilization of Coal Tar and Bitumen

    Smagulova Gaukhar
    Al - Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

    Biography
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    Biography

    Smagulova Gaukhar
    Al - Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

    Smagulova Gaukhar has completed her PhD in the topic of "Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials", researcher of the laboratory "Synthesis of carbon nanomaterials in flame" RSE "Institute of Combustion Problems", Lecturer of the Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology of al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty). Smagulova G.T. is author of 2 patents, 80 publications in the rating journals of the Republic of Kazakhstan and foreign countries. She passed scientific internships in the USA (University Texas at Dallas, Richardson) and Japan (Waseda University, Tokyo) and won in battle of start-up projects SPRING'17 Almaty Tech Garden with the project "Electro-conductive textiles based on glass cloth with coating of carbon nanotubes". Scientific interests are in synthesis of carbon nanomaterials and their application.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Smagulova Gaukhar
    Al - Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan

    Bitumen and coal tar are an attractive raw material for obtaining of ultrathin carbon fiber due to its low cost stemming from its availability as a residue of coking of coal and petroleum processes. Electrospinning is a universal method of receiving continuous fibers with a diameter from nanometers to micrometers from solutions or melts of polymers. Ultrathin fibers found the application in many areas. The polymers can be chemically modified by various additives. Now researches in the field of receiving fibers develop mainly in the direction of receiving the modified and structured fibers, synthesis of new polymers for receiving fibers. For producing of carbon fibers as initial components: phenolic resin, lignin, coal tar and oil pitches can be used. At present, up to 98 % of all carbon fibers are made of poly(acrylonitrile) precursor fibers. Experiments on producing of ultrathin fibers were carried out on traditional installation of electrospinning. For producing of composite fibers blend of PAN-polymer solution and coal tar or bitumen were used. Different ratios of polymer to bitumen (or coal tar) were investigate. Extraction of the organic part of petroleum bituminous rocks was carried out using an extraction method. In this work the bitumen of the "Munailymolla" deposit was used. The mix of bitumen (coal tar)/polymer placed in a syringe on which metal needle gave a negative charge, and on a substrate, respectively, the positive. Tension given by means of a source of constant tension. Tension made – 9 – 11 kV. Distance between electrodes is 15 cm. The consumption of polymer solution made 60 μl/s, answering to the optimum speed of an exit of solution at which all output solution is extended in fibers. Electrospun-fibers were carbonized in argon atmosphere at high temperature. Carbon fibers are used in medicine, optics, electronics, for the manufacture of composites and as filter materials.Also, carbon nanofibers have potential for use in various new applications such as electrodes, catalyst supports, etc., due to their large surface area and relatively high electrical conductivity.

    Time:

    Title: Jet Fuel Production by Kerosene Hydrotreating

    Dorin Stanica-Ezeanu
    Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti, Romania

    Biography
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    Biography

    Dorin Stanica-Ezeanu
    Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti, Romania

    Dorin Stanica-Ezeanu was born in Vatra-Dornei (Suceava County, Romania) in 1958. He received a M.S. degree in Petroleum Processing and Petrochemistry from the Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti (Romania) in 1983 and a Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering from the same university in 1997. After 2 years as production engineer at Brazi refinery (Romania) and other 4 years as scientific researcher at Research Institute for Petroleum Refining and Petrochemistry of Ploiesti (Romania), he joined, in 1989, the Department of Petroleum Processing and Petrochemistry from Petroleum-Gas Institute of Ploiesti (Romania) as Assistant. In 1992 he became Lecturer, over 7 years, in 1999, he became Assistant Professor and in 2004 he became Professor in the same Department. Over the years, in 2012 he became the Head of the Department of Petroleum Processing and Environmental Protection. His current research interests include catalytic systems for hydrogen production by steam reforming of bioethanol, waste PET recycling by glycolysis and hydrolysis, pyrolysis of waste rubber and biofuels from waste oils recycling. Prof. Dorin Stanica-Ezeanu is a member of Romanian Chemical Society and Romanian Catalysis Society, and he received many awards of excellence (2013, 2015) for his contribution in research of biofuels and waste recycling.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Dorin Stanica-Ezeanu
    Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti, Romania

    This paper presents a study regarding Jet fuel production from kerosene, which was obtained by atmospheric distillation of a naphthenic Romanian crude oil. Physicochemical characteristics of kerosene must be upgraded in order to achieve Jet fuel specifications (JET A-1). This objective was obtained using a dual catalytic system consisting of two layers of different catalysts. The first catalytic layer contains a zeolite (Erionite) with a good acidity for cracking and isomerization of long chain paraffins, and the second catalytic layer contains a Ni-Mo/Alumina catalyst to hydrogenate the olefins formed in the first step. The catalytic tests were performed in a stainless steel tubular reactor at different temperature of 225 - 320°C and a pressure of 15 bar. The final product has a better freezing point, lower sulphur content and the smoke point increases over 25 mm achieving JET A-1 specifications entirely.

    Sessions:
    Health, Safety and Environment, Petroleum Engineering and Natural Gas and Materials Technologies

    Time:

    Title: Remediation of Groundwater Impacted with NAPL

    Roger Saint-Fort
    Mount Royal University, Canada

    Biography
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    Biography

    Roger Saint-Fort
    Mount Royal University, Canada

    Roger Saint-Fort has completed his Ph. D in the University of Nebraska; M. Sc., University Laval; B. Sc. University of Manitoba Roger Saint-Fort, Ph.D., P.Ag., My current research activities investigate chemical and electrochemical innovative approaches for remediating NAPL contaminated groundwater, use of surfactant to enhance soil bioremediation, landfill leachate treatment, application of electro - coagulation-ClO2 and nano bubble technology to reclaim industrial wastewater streams. The last few years, I have been working passionately and successfully on developing, prototyping and implementing innovative water treatment systems in order to bring sustainable drinking water to remote and economically challenged communities around the world.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Roger Saint-Fort
    Mount Royal University, Canada

    The remediation of groundwater impacted by NAPL is of public interest and remains a significant challenge facing many industrial sectors in Alberta and around the world. NAPL constituents are hazardous compounds which have been shown to be toxic, mutagenic and/or carcinogenic. All sorbate-sorbent systems yielded the S-type isotherms. Sorption of the sorbates on representative core samples retrieved from the site could be best described mathematically by the Freundlich than the Langmuir sorption model. Kd values derived at 6 oC ranged from 3.05 to 0.89 L/kg. Chemical degradation of DNAPL constituents could be best fitted to a first-order kinetic with a three hour optimum reaction time. The results also indicated that UV radiation combined with ClO2 can be an effective method for chemically degrading PAH, PCB-S, SVPHEN-S, F24FIDE-S and BTEXHSAB-S contaminants. Under the most efficient treatment system, 76 to 98% of the chemicals of concern were destroyed. Calculated travel time for potential off site migration ranged from 150 to 80,817 years. Bench-scale of fluorescein as an applied tracer was also investigated. A pilot testing program is currently under way to test this innovative treatment technology. If successful, this approach represents a quick and cost effective approach to groundwater remediation.

    Time:

    Title: Green Buildings in Kuwait Oil Company

    Manal Al-Amiri
    Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait

    Biography
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    Biography

    Manal Al-Amiri
    Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait

    Manal Al-Amiri has 19 years Civil/ Structural Engineer experienced in designing building and structural elements. Experienced of numerous computer analyses (i.e. STAAD and RISA) and drafting Civil Engineering Contracts (FEED Packages) for several Civil Buildings/ Structures within Oil and Gas Field. Experienced Working comfortably with big firms including different disciplines. Working now with Standards Team as Senior Engineer specialized in producing Standards and Recommended Practise for all KOC teams specifically in Civil / Structure/ Architecture standards. This was for the last 6 years with Kuwait Oil Company. I’ve been involved in the FEED packages in designing structural buildings and elements specifically Substations, Metering Skid Shelter, Pipe racks and Culverts using STAAD computer software for different Oil and Gas projects. The design involved setting up the frames, checking the adequacy of them as well as the calculations required prior to design. For about 10 years with FLUOR International.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Manal Al-Amiri
    Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait

    In line with the world direction of renewable energy, green building ideas and study has developed to reduce the stress on the Oil and Gas production and look at natural resources of energy. This paper developed to provide guidelines for the new and existing buildings to implement sustainable design practices and reduce the environmental impacts of buildings over their functional life cycles. Specifically, addressing the exterior building site maintenance programs, water and energy use, sustainable purchasing policies, waste stream management and ongoing indoor environmental quality to achieve a high performance, healthful, durable and affordable practices for existing buildings in comparison with conventional buildings. This paper presents some of the key elements of Green Building Design and how they are implemented in the Oil and Gas sector in Kuwait, especially in Kuwait Oil Company where exploration and development is within Kuwait.

    Time:

    Title: Experimental Investigation on Permeability and Porosity of Indian Gassy Coal Samples from Raniganj Coalfield

    Samir Kumar Pal
    Indian Institute of Technology, India

    Biography
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    Biography

    Samir Kumar Pal
    Indian Institute of Technology, India

    Samir Kumar Pal is currently working as a Professor in the Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India where he obtained his Bachelor, Master and Doctoral degrees. In the course of his career, he has been closely involved with many sponsored and consultancy projects. Much of his work has been on improving the understanding, design and performance in the broad area of mining, mainly through the practical field applications. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Engineers (India) and an active member of the Mining, Geological and Metallurgical Institute (MGMI) of India. Prof. Pal is an author and co-author of over 65 journal papers and 5 book chapters; along with this he presented his works in several national and international conferences. He has received many external and professional awards and has widespread recognition for most of his works.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Samir Kumar Pal
    Indian Institute of Technology, India

    In general, the critical reservoir parameters which control the flow behaviour in porous media are permeability and porosity. The permeability measurements of five different gassy coal samples from Raniganj coalfield of India were carried out by using two different techniques i.e., steady state method and pressure transient (pulse decay) method. Similarly, determination of porosity was carried out for the same samples using Helium porosimetry technique and Buoyancy method. Experimental setups were fabricated and used for the measurements. The gas permeability of coal samples was measured using helium as flowing fluid. In both the methods, permeability values (K) of all samples vary within a very small range thereby proving the effectiveness of both techniques in measuring permeability of porous rock samples. In steady state analysis, plots for flow rate (F) and inlet pressure follows a power relationship whereas permeability and applied pressure also has a good non-linear relationship. An exponential relationship between permeability and flow rate was observed with respect to applied pressure. The permeability value is exorbitantly high for some samples compared to other computed values which may be due to presence of some weak planes/hidden-fractures in it. The permeability values determined by both the methods for the selected coal samples lie between 0.034mD and 6.653mD. Differences in the effective porosity values determined by the two methods vary within a small range of 0.01% to 0.56%. The inter-relationship between effective porosity and permeability was also examined. The gas permeability co-efficient and effective porosity for the selected coal samples under this study holds a good exponential type relationship.

    Time:

    Title: Effect of Si/Al Ratio and Metal Content of the Catalyst on Non-Oxidative Conversion of Natural Gas into Value Added Chemicals

    Kamal K Pant
    Indian Institutes of Technology, India

    Biography
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    Biography

    Kamal K Pant
    Indian Institutes of Technology, India

    Prof. K. K. Pant has more than 25 years of academic and industrial research experience having 125+ publications and 5 patents besides more than 150 in conference proceedings. He received his PhD degree in chemical Engineering from IIT Kanpur, 1997 and currently working as Petrotech Chair Professor in the department of chemical engineering IIT Delhi. Major research interests are heterogeneous green catalysis, reaction kinetics, hydrocarbon conversion processes, green technologies for sustainable energy and environment, biomass conversion, biofuel, fuel from waste biomass and waste plastic, metal recovery from WEEE waste, integrated bio-refinery, clean energy and bio-renewable energy. In addition, he successfully completed 20 high impact projects and consultancies valued more than 6 million USD from India’s and world’s top most premier companies and organization such GAIL, HPCL, DRDO, NOVOD, MHRD, CSIR, IARI, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Fertilizers, DST Government of India and Petrochemical Society of India.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Kamal K Pant
    Indian Institutes of Technology, India

    Natural gas has emerged as an attractive key feedstock for the production of liquid fuels and commodity chemicals. Major challenge in natural gas conversion comes with the methane activation as well as C2 and higher coupling reactions. Methane is a well-known highly stable light alkane with tetrahedral geometry having sp3 hybridization and exhibits highest C-H bond dissociation energy (439kJ/mole). In terms of molecular orbital chemistry, the difficulties in the activation of methane can be understood by the level of lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) which is high and that of highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) which is low and thus it is difficult to exchange electrons from HOMO and LUMO. However, various methods are available in heterogeneous catalysis for methane conversion process, in which direct non-oxidative methane conversion into higher hydrocarbons is a potential approach using zeolite (HZSM-5/HMCM-22) supported molybdenum (Mo) catalyst. Catalyst preparation and its characterization plays a crucial role in the said process and the factors such as metal loading, acidity, porosity and framework structure of the catalyst significantly affect the catalytic performance. In this regard, molybdenum loading effect over zeolite support (HMCM-22), SiO2/Al2O3 (SAR) effect of the support varying the acidity of the catalyst, and also reaction parameters have been studied for the process. Investigations revealed that molybdenum loading does not affect the channel framework of the HMCM-22 zeolite as confirmed by XRD pattern of the calcined catalysts, Figure. 1(i), however crystallinity decreases slightly at higher loading. Acidity of the catalyst was determined by NH3-TPD and it was inferred that the acidity decreases on Mo loading over the HMCM-22 zeolite due to migration of Mo species into zeolite (HMCM-22) channels as confirmed by Figure. 1(ii). In the catalyst activity study, effect of Mo loading and SAR effect of HMCM-22 was tested at 700°C temperature under atmospheric pressure and 720 mL/g.h GHSV and it was observed that comparatively 5 wt% Mo loading is optimum for methane conversion into higher hydrocarbons (C6H6 selectivity 18%) as shown in Figure. 2(i). It was also concluded that, the selectivity of aromatics (benzene) increases up to to 37% with SAR-30 as compared with SAR-55 (18%) as shown in Figure. 2 (ii). In conclusion, 5 wt% Mo laoding, lower SAR (30) of zeolite support are effective for the catalyst design in the said process.

    Time:

    Title: Synergy of Polyacryloyl Hydrazide (PAHz)-Ag NPs on Drying and Re-dispersibility of Pickering Emulsions for Transportation and Storage Applications

    Tushar Sharma
    Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, India

    Biography
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    Biography

    Tushar Sharma
    Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, India

    Dr. Tushar Sharma holds post-graduation and doctorate in Petroleum Engineering from IIT (ISM) Dhanbad and IIT Madras, respectively, and currently working as assistant professor in the Department of Petroleum Engineering at Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (Institute of National Importance Established under the Act of Parliament) Indiaand He also currently serves as faculty advisor for SPE student chapter at RGIPT India from South Asia and Pacific region. His research is focused on Emulsion/foams, Rock/Fluids Interactions, Rheology of Fluids, and Minimum Miscibility Pressure. He has significant contribution for the research articles in journals and International conferences of repute.



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    Abstract

    Tushar Sharma
    Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, India

    Drying stability of emulsions has potential applications in several industries like medicine, food structuring, paints, and cosmetics. The successful drying of emulsion develops a solid product in which oil droplets are encapsulated (high oil content) to increase shelf life of oil during transportation and storage. However, emulsions stabilized by conventional surfactants are known to show significant oil leakage and damage to solid cell during drying process and therefore, pose major concern for their application related to these areas. Another issue related to these conventional emulsion systems is their re-dispersibility in water which is often required to bring emulsion back in original liquid form depending on the nature of application. Nanoparticles are better stabilizers and can offer promising solutions for improving the stability of these emulsions for solid and re-dispersible applications. In addition, the use of a hydrophilic carrier high molecular weight compound along with NPs can impart superior stability to solid oil powders and polyacryloyl hydrazide (PAHz) is already known to be a cytocompatible polymer. Therefore, the study reports the formulation of adried and re-dispersible Pickering emulsion, of PAHz and Ag nanoparticles as the stabilizer, exhibiting oil content more than 94% fortransportation and storageprocesses. The experimentalinvestigations to examine the stability of emulsions include results from freeze-drying, contact angle, microscopic, SEM and rheological studies conducted for the different concentrations of PAHz (0.05-0.25 g/ml) and sizes of Ag NPs (10-25 nm). We finally conclude that o/w emulsion stabilized by PAHz-Ag NPs can be a potential alternative to produce stable oil powders or gels for industrial applications.

    Time:

    Title: Enhancing Cement Strength through Organic Waste Nanocomposite Additives in Oilwell Cementing: Maximizing Palm and Coconut Shell Waste

    Adi Novriansyah
    Universitas Islam Riau, Indonesia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Adi Novriansyah
    Universitas Islam Riau, Indonesia

    Adi Novriansyah is a junior researcher in drilling and production in petroleum engineering department “Universitas Islam Riau”, Indonesia since 2010. After graduated from the same institution in 2005, He continued to study in “Institut Teknologi Bandung”, Indonesia and got Master Degree in 2009. Beside as a junior researcher, he works as a department secretary from 2010 to 2015 and continues in material development research since 2015. His main interest is science and technology in petroleum engineering and enthusiasts in renewable energy, economic and project feasibility study. His works have been presented in international conferences in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Korea.



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    Abstract

    Adi Novriansyah
    Universitas Islam Riau, Indonesia

    Cement strength is a paramount parameter in oil-well construction. However, strength improvement by adding commercial additives will cause additional cost and affect the feasibility of the project. Through this experimental study, another alternative additive in enhancing cement strength will be introduced. An additive consists of silica nanoparticle and another material from palm and coconut shell waste will be used to enhance the cement strength, which can be analyzed from its compressive and shear bond strength parameters. The reason of utilizing silica nanoparticle is due to its nano-sized, which is easily transportable though cement pore and Silica is a common mineral in the oil sandstone reservoir. On the other hand, Exploitation of palm and coconut shell are motivated by their abundant source in Indonesia and an encouragement act of reuse and reprocess organic waste. Serial samples were prepared with various concentrations of these additives. After mixing and drying process, each sample will follow a biaxial loading test for determining its compressive and shear bond strength. All Results clearly indicate an acceptable value for both compressive strength and shear bond strength values, based on the respective standard. Both carbon from palm and coconut shell shown a reasonable improvement on cement strength. Furthermore, observation through SEM confirms how these additives successfully occupy inter-solid void, resulting in a compact structure of the cement with strength enhancement.

    Sessions:
    Drilling and Production, Recent Advances in Petrochemistry, Process Engineering and Flow Assurance

    Time:

    Title: Decline R A Statistical Tool for Production Forecasting

    Carlos Alfonso Mantilla Duarte
    Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Carlos Alfonso Mantilla Duarte
    Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia

    Dr. Carlos Alfonso Mantilla Duarte is an Economist, Specialist in statistics, M.Sc (c) and Ph.D (c) in Applied Statistics. Assistant professor in School of Economics and School of Petroleum Engineering from Universidad Industrial de Santander (Industrial University of Santander) in Bucaramanga, Colombia and Assistant Professor in the area of statistics of the speech-language pathology program from Universidad de Pamplona (University of Pamplona) in Pamplona, Colombia. Researcher in the areas of: time series, spatial statistics and spatio-temporal data, multivariate analysis, panel data, big data, Bayesian statistics, computational statistics, biostatistics and multi-dimensional scaling.



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    Abstract

    Carlos Alfonso Mantilla Duarte
    Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia

    With the objective to reduce the uncertainty of the models used in the production forecasting process, other methodologies have been explored to allow improvements in the process. One of these methodologies used is the developed in 1970 by Box & Jenkings for the analysis of time series (ARMA and ARIMA models). However, there are some limiting factors such as the high degree of complexity of the models and the loss of robustness of the forecasts in the long term. To reduce the complexity of the analysis, a statistical analysis automation tool called Decline R was developed, which combines the Box & Jenkins methodology with the Arps curves, improving the prognosis and significantly reducing the complexity and time of the process. Decline R is a developed tool using software R integrated with visual basic to facilitate de user experience using a more friendlier interface allowing the user to select himself the ARMA or ARIMA model for the process or to use the self-selection of the model by the software. Five (5) wells were analyzed with the most commonly used commercial tools and Decline R. Short-term forecasts were higher than those found with commercial tools. For the values of the one, two and three year forecasts the results were similar in all models. In the process of cross validation for 7 years, the adjustment of the forecast using ARMA or ARIMA models was lower in comparison with the commercial models. In conclusion, when the wells have marked declination trends in long-term, it is possible to represent them using Arps curves and then to model the other components through the Box & Jenkins methodology, obtaining more accurate forecasts. For short-term forecast, ARMA or ARIMA models are better option.

    Time:

    Title: Ionic Liquids in Removal of Liquid Phase Aromatic Nitrogen Compounds from Dodecene

    Ramalingam Anantharaj
    SSN College of Engineering, India

    Biography
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    Biography

    Ramalingam Anantharaj
    SSN College of Engineering, India

    Dr. R. Anantharaj is working as an Associate Professor in Chemical Engineering Department at SSN College of Engineering, Chennai, since March 2015. He obtained B.Tech degree in Chemical Technology from EGS Pillay Engineering College, Nagapattinam, M.E. degree in Chemical Engineering from Annamalai University, Chidambaram and Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, in the area of Separation Process using Ionic Liquids, Phase Equilibria and COSMO-RS Model Predictions. He has 6.5 years of teaching and research experience both in India and abroad. He has authored one book which is published by Elsevier, MA, USA (ISBN: 978-0-12-801347-2). He has published more than 50 articles in peer reviewed international journals (Springer, Willey, Elsevier, ACS, and others) and conferences (National & International), since 2010. He is the recipient of ProSPER.Net-Scopus Young Scientist Award 2013 (First Runner up) for Sustainable Development in Transport Category (Promotion of Sustainability in Postgraduate and Research) from ELSEVIER, Thermax-ASSET Awards 2013 for best Ph.D. Thesis, (Medal with INR 15000/-) from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), India. Petrochemical Processing Award in Malaysia 2014 (Prof. Mohd Ali Bin Hashim Research Group) from IChemE Malaysia. PEARL – A Foundation Best Young Scientist in Chemical Engineering 2016, Venus International Foundation Best Young Scientist Award in Separation Process with Green Solvent 2016. IEI young engineers award 2017-18 in Chemical Engineering.



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    Abstract

    Ramalingam Anantharaj
    SSN College of Engineering, India

    Ternary liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) for 8 systems containing 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulphate {[EMIM][EtSO4]}, 1-ethyl-3-methylpyridiniumethylsulphate {[EMPy][EtSO4]} (1) + pyridine/pyrrole/indoline/quinoline (2) + dodecene (3) have been determined at 298.15K. The reliability of experimental LLE data was tested by Othmer-Tobias and Hand equations. The NRTL and UNIQUAC models were successfully used for experimental LLE data correlation and gave the RMSD less than unity, which indicated a good degree of experimental LLE data fit. The distribution coefficient and the selectivity were calculated for all systems. High distribution coefficient and selectivity were obtained for pyrrole, indoline, pyridine and quinoline at 298.15K. It is also observed that {[EMIM][EtSO4], {[EMPy][EtSO4]} has strong affinity towards nitrogen compounds due to both highly negative charged segments and positively segments in [EMIM] and [EMPY] cations. Thus, [EMIM] [EtSO4] and [EMPy] [EtSO4] can be used as the potential solvents in denitrification process at 298.15K.

    Time:

    Title: Biocatalytic Upgrading of Heavy Vacuum Gas Oil

    Wael Ahmed Ismail
    Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain

    Biography
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    Biography

    Wael Ahmed Ismail
    Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain

    Prof. Wael A. Ismail is professor of Microbiology/Environmental Biotechnology and coordinator of the Petroleum/Environmental Biotechnology Program, Arabian Gulf University-Bahrain. He is also the former director of the Biotechnology Program. He has more than 20 years of experience in the applications of Biotechnology/Microbiology in the environment and petroleum industry.Prof. Wael got BScin Microbiology and Chemistry from Ain Shams University-Egypt. He then, joined the Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI-Petroleum Microbiology Group) to get MSc in Petroleum Microbiology. He received PhD in Microbiology from the University of Freiburg-Germany. The research of Prof. Wael Ismail deals with the applications of microbial biotechnology in the environment and petroleum industry with particular focus on the biodesulfurization of diesel, bio-upgrading of heavy oils and refining residues, bio-rejuvenation of spent hydrotreatment catalysts, biodegradation of hydrocarbons, as well as biosurfactants production and applications



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    Abstract

    Wael Ahmed Ismail
    Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain

    Heavy vacuum gas oil (HVGO) is a complex and viscous hydrocarbon stream produced as the bottom side product (boiling range 398-565 °C) from the vacuum distillation units in petroleum refineries. HVGO is conventionally treated with thermo chemical process, which are costly and environmentally polluting. This is because they operate under sever conditions of temperature (up to 480 °C) and pressure (up to 4000 psi), and require huge amounts of catalysts. As compared to conventional physicochemical treatments, biotechnological processes are environmentally compatible, economic and endowed with high selectivity. In this research,we investigated two petroleum biotechnology applications as green approaches for processing or treatment of HVGO.The first application aims at provoking desirable compositional changes in HVGO via bioconversion of the high-molecular weight and high-boiling fractions to lighter components to increase the distillate yield. The second application explores the valorization of HVGO via bioconversion to value-added products such as biosurfactants. We performed bioconversion experiments using HVGO as a sole carbon and sulfur source for the model bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosaAK6U. HVGO was then recovered from the cultures, and the maltene fraction was separated and subjected to fractional distillation (SimDis) analysis to explore any changes in the major distillation fractions. Moreover, detailed analysis on the separated maltene fractions was conducted by TOF-MS and FT-ICR-MS to unravel changes in the chemical composition.The Pseudomonas aeruginosa AK6U strain grew on 20% (v/v) of HVGO. It produced rhamnolipid biosurfactants in a growth-associated mode with a maximum crude biosurfactants yield of 10.1 g/L, which reduced the surface tension of the cell-free culture supernatant to 30.6 mN/m within one week of incubation. The rarely occurring dirhamnolipidRha–Rha–C12–C12 dominated the congeners’ profile of the biosurfactants produced from HVGO. SimDisanalysis of the bio-treated maltene fraction showed a relative decrease in the high-boiling heavy fuel fraction (BP 426-565 °C) concomitant with increase in the lighter distillate diesel fraction (BP 315-426 °C). Chemical analysis of the maltene fraction revealed compositional changes. The number-average (Mn) and weight-average (Mw) molecular weights, as well as the absolute number of hydrocarbons and sulfur heterocycles were higher in the bio-treated maltene fraction of HVGO. These findings suggest that HVGO can be potentially exploited as a carbon-rich substrate for production of the high-value biosurfactantsand to concomitantly improve/upgrade its chemical composition.

    Time:

    Title: Asphaltene Precipitation, Aggregation and Deposition

    H Scott Fogler
    The University of Michigan, USA

    Biography
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    Biography

    H Scott Fogler
    The University of Michigan, USA

    H Scott Fogler is the Ame and Catherine Vennema Professor of Chemical Engineering and the Arthur F. Thurnau Professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and was the 2009 National President of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He received his B.S. from the University of Illinois and his M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Colorado. Scott recently received a doctor honoris causa degree from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain. He is the author of the Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering which are the dominant books in this area worldwide. Scott has graduated 45 PhDs and they have published over 240 research articles and 12 books, in areas such as acidization of petroleum wells, gelation kinetics wax deposition in subsea pipelines and asphaltene flocculation and deposition kinetics. Scott is an associate editor of Energy & Fuels.



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    Abstract

    H Scott Fogler
    The University of Michigan, USA

    Asphaltene are heavy and aromatic crude oil components that precipitate and deposit on pipeline walls during production. Assessing risk of asphaltene deposition in a production facility is a crucial step when designing a new facility. Risk assessment at production condition, i.e., high pressure and temperature, are cost prohibitive, leading oil companies to use model systems to assess asphaltene deposition risks for given oil. The most common method to study asphaltene precipitation and deposition in the laboratory is by adding n-alkanes to crude oils at room temperature and room pressure. When n-alkane, such as heptane, is added to crude oil, asphaltenes precipitate and undergo an aggregation process. Using state-of-the art microscopy, centrifugation, and scattering techniques the aggregation kinetics of asphaltenes was investigated. It was observed that upon heptane addition oil, asphaltene experience an increase in their fractal dimension as they precipitate and undergo a reaction-limited aggregation process. A geometric form of the population balance was used to model the asphaltene aggregation data obtained by time-resolved centrifugation, indicating that for every 1 million collisions between asphaltenes suspended in the oil-heptane mixture, 1 collision will result in aggregation. In turn, the experimental results of time-resolved microscopy have shown that there is no such thing as a onset volume of asphaltene precipitation. If heptane is added to oil as concentration below the so-called onset volume, if one waits for long enough precipitation will be detected under optical microscopy. The long time for detecting asphaltene precipitation is due to the slow aggregation process due to a low collision efficiency. By postulating a relationship between the collision efficiency and the difference in solubility parameter of asphaltenes and oil-heptane mixture, a universal aggregation line for asphaltenes was obtained. The universality of the aggregation model was demonstrated by testing over 50 different crude oils and model oils and showing that they matched the aggregation line. The asphaltene deposition was also studied using capillary and packed bed apparatus. Experimental results of asphaltene deposition rate show that for nanometer-sized asphaltenes at low Reynolds flow, the rate by which asphaltenes deposit is dictate by the diffusion time of asphaltenes nanoparticles from the bulk to the depositing surface. These findings provide solid ground for modeling asphaltene deposition in pipelines and predicting asphaltene deposition risk in a new facility based on lab-scale experiment and parameter estimations. The packed bed asphaltene deposition apparatus has also been used to evaluate performance of chemicals that are commercialized to alleviate asphaltene deposition in oil fields.

    Time:

    Title: Mixed Integer Model for Grassroots Petroleum Refinery Superstructure Optimization

    Tareq A Albahri
    Kuwait University, Kuwait

    Biography
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    Biography

    Tareq A Albahri
    Kuwait University, Kuwait

    Prof. Tareq A. Albahri received BSc and MSc in chemical engineering from Kuwait University and PhD in chemical engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. He worked as a process engineer at KNPC MAB Refinery from 1987 to 1994, visiting professor at the University of Waterloo in Canada in 2005 and the University of Texas at Austin in 2008, and is now a professor in the chemical engineering department at Kuwait University since 2000. Prof. Albahri published numerous journal and conference papers on petroleum refining and fuel chemistry, and holds nine US Patents in various fields



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    Abstract

    Tareq A Albahri
    Kuwait University, Kuwait

    A model is developed to compute the optimal processing network for a petroleum refinery system. A superstructure representation that is sufficiently rich to encompass all possible topology alternatives (process technologies and interconnectivities) of a conventional refinery comprising 96 commercial process units is established. A mixed-integer linear model that maximizes refinery profit is formulated according to the constructed superstructure with logic propositions on certain design and structural specifications. A numerical example is illustrated to implement the modeling approach wherein more than two million plot plans are numerically evaluated to generate a globally optimal refinery network topology that promotes significant increase in refinery profit. Other refinery case studies are discussed and the results are compared with existing refinery systems to illustrate the applicability and benefits of the approach. The algorithm is further shown to be useful in studies leading to the upgrading and increasing the profitability of existing refineries.

    Sessions:
    Chemical Application in Production Oil and Gas and Petroleum Geology and Petroleum Geoscience

    Time:

    Title: In-Situ Low Temperature Catalytic-Aquathermolysis For Enhanced Heavy Oil and Oil Sands Recovery

    Mingzhe Dong
    University of Calgary, Canada

    Biography
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    Biography

    Mingzhe Dong
    University of Calgary, Canada

    Dr. Mingzhe Dong is a professor in the Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Calgary. Prior to the appointment at the University of Calgary in 2007, he was a professor of petroleum systems engineering in the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Regina (2001-2007). He holds a B.A. Sc from Northwest University, Xi’an, an M.A. Sc from the China University of Petroleum, Beijing, and a Ph.D. from the University Of Waterloo, Ontario, all in chemical engineering. He was a senior research engineer in the Petroleum Branch of Saskatchewan Research Council between 1998 and 2001. Previously, he worked in the Department of Research and Technology of Imperial Oil Limited, Calgary, as an NSERC industry post-doctoral fellow. His research interests include multiphase flow in porous media, enhanced oil recovery, unconventional oil and gas development, reservoir simulation, and interfacial phenomena in oil recovery processes. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed journal papers, 50 conference papers and more than 30 technical reports.



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    Abstract

    Mingzhe Dong
    University of Calgary, Canada

    Reducing the viscosity of heavy oil can improve its mobility, thereby improving the displacement efficiency. The challenge is how to reduce the oil viscosity to significantly improve heavy oil recovery and to make the process profitable. Thisstudy is aimed at coupling the low-temperature catalytic aquathermolysis process with thermal process for enhanced heavy oil and oil sands recovery. The catalytic aquathermolysis process can break the C-S, C-N, and C-O bonds of heavy oils, thereby reducing oil viscosity and enhancing the flow of heavy oils in reservoirs. Many laboratory catalytic aquathermolysis tests have shown a significant reduction in heavy oil viscosity and some degree of upgrading of heavy oils. However, the reported laboratory and field tests were carried out at high temperatures ranging from 200oC to 300oC. Ourresearch has shown that some low-temperature catalysts are effective in low temperature catalytic-aquathermolysis for heavy oil samples. Specifically, tests at temperatures ranging from 120oC to 150oC showed promising results in viscosity reduction.The catalyst used in this study have the special features which are required for field application. To achieve a good distribution of the catalyst in the reservoir, the catalyst system has different properties at the following injection stages: 1) During the catalyst slug injection at relatively lower temperatures than that required for aquathermolysis, the water soluble catalyst has a tendency to adsorb at the oil-water interface whenever the solution contacts the oil in the reservoir; 2) when the temperature is raised to catalytic reaction temperature by the thermal process (such as hot water injection), the catalyst becomes oil soluble and is transported in the pores in the form of nano-particles which can then react with the oil. Field tests of SAGD dilation start-up in oil sands reservoirs showed that injecting a unique catalyst can evoke the in-situ catalytic aquathermolysis mechanism. The reservoir is first dilated to form a high-porosity and high-permeability conduit connecting the SAGD well pair. The catalyst is then injected into these newly created pore space, contacting the heavy oil in a large volume and helping to reduce its in-situ oil viscosity. This technology has been applied on more than ten SAGD well pairs and excellent field results are generated in terms of reduced steam use, shortened steam circulation time and increased initial oil production.

    Time:

    Title: Evaluation of the Asphaltene Inhibitors Effect on Asphaltene Aggregation and Precipitation

    Mahmoud Alhreez
    University of Leeds, UK

    Biography
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    Biography

    Mahmoud Alhreez
    University of Leeds, UK

    Mahmoud Alhreez completed his bachelor’s degree in in Chemical Engineering from the University of Technology/ Baghdad – Iraq and his master degree at the same academic department. He was working in South Refineries Company/ Iraq and he has more than nine years’ experiences in atmospheric distillation units as a shift engineer. He has extensive knowledge of oil and gas refining engineering for crude oil. He is currently doing his PhD studying in the University of Leeds/ United Kingdom. He is working on using a novel chemicals and methods for controlling asphaltene problems in reservoirs and refineries. Also he interests in colloid and particle science, flow assurance problem and synthesis emulsions and nanoemulsions for oil and gas applications.



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    Abstract

    Mahmoud Alhreez
    University of Leeds, UK

    Asphaltene aggregation and precipitation is usually responsible for many flow assurance problems such as wettability changes, pore clogging in the reservoir and fouling in wellbore tubing and production surface facilities. The application of chemical additives (surfactant and polymer) is a well-known way to control asphaltene precipitation. Ultraviolet−visible (UV−vis) spectroscopy is the most common analytical technique thathas been applied to study the effectiveness of inhibitors in keeping asphaltene particles dispersed into crude oil.However, this technique requires being performed in diluted solutions, which can interfere significantly in the aggregationphenomena. The aim of this work is to evaluate the effect of two chemical additives, 4-dodecyl benzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) and a novel inhibitor (Poly (vinyltoluene-co-alpha-methylstyrene) (PV)), on the asphaltene aggregation behaviour of Iraqi crude oil using Turbiscan transmission. This is a new methodology developed to study theaggregation kinetics and settling of asphaltenes around its n-heptane precipetation onset. The resultsobtained were compared to those determined with the traditional UV−vis method (λ = 800 nm) and showed qualitatively similartrends. Settling measurements suggest that the stabilization provided by the inhibitors can occur by slowing both formation and growing of asphaltene particles and delaying the phase separation process. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has been used to study the effect of inhibitors on the shape and size of asphaltene particles. The findings in this study show that both DBSA and PV were effective in keeping the asphaltene particles dispersed in solution and prevented them from settling. It was demonstrated that theme thodology developed using Turbiscan was more accurate and sensitive.

    Time:

    Title: Geochemical Characteristics of Carbonate Reservoirs Modified by Magmatic Intrusions in the Bachu Area, Tarim Basin, Nw China

    Kang Xu
    Wuxi Research Institute of Petroleum Geology of SINOPEC, China

    Biography
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    Biography

    Kang Xu
    Wuxi Research Institute of Petroleum Geology of SINOPEC, China

    Kang Xu (1985) male, engineer, postdoctoral, graduated from China University of Geosciences (Beijing), now working in Wuxi Research Institute of Petroleum Geology of SINOPEC. The main research areas are Sichuan basin and Tarim Basin in China. 9 papers have been published. The main research areas are oil and gas basin sedimentary and oil and gas reservoir geology research, has led the team as the chief technology officer responsible for major scientific and technological projects of SINOPEC. In the long term research, we have accumulated a wealth of information, mastered the development direction of related fields, have a solid theoretical foundation, complete scientific research conditions and advanced scientific research instruments.



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    Abstract

    Kang Xu
    Wuxi Research Institute of Petroleum Geology of SINOPEC, China

    Oil and gas exploration had significant success in carbonate rocks in recent years in the Ordovician in Tarim Basin, NW China. Here we investigate the carbonate reservoirs in the Bachu area of the Tarim Basin through petrological and geochemical studies, combined with oil and gas exploration data. Geochemical analysis included major, trace and rare earth elements, fluid inclusion thermometry, clay mineral characterization, and carbon and oxygen isotopes of the carbonate rocks. Intrusive rock is mainly gabbro and diabase.Mainly composed of gabbro and diabase, and its ω(SiO2) is between 39.91%-44.62%,ω(K2O+Na2O) , 3.04%-3.95%,ω(Na2O)/ω(K2O),2.32~2.8, sodium-alkaline series formed in intraplate tectonic environment。Enrichment of trace element distribution patterns of Ba Sr loss characteristics. ΣREE between (106.72 -158.15) × 10-6, LaN/YbN,5.124 ~ 5.442,δEu,1.091-1.237, rare-earth distribution patterns are LREE enrichment type. Homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions of Well He-3 in the Bachu area indicate three groups as: 60°C ~80°C, 90°C ~130°C, and 140°C ~170°C, and suggest that the carbonate rocks experienced modification by heating events. Porosity in the reservoir is defined by fractures and secondary pores and there is a notable increase in porosity of the carbonate reservoirs with proximity to magmatic intrusion, particularly about 8m-10m from the intrusive rocks. The development of secondary pores was controlled by lithofacies and corrosion by various fluids. We identify supercritical fluids with high density (138.12-143.97) in the Bachu area. The negative correlations of δ13C (−2.76‰~ −0.97‰) and δ18O (−7.91‰~ −5.07‰) suggest that the carbonate rocks in the study area were modified by high-salinity hydrothermal fluid. The formation of clay minerals such as illite and montmorillonite caused a decrease in porosity. Our study demonstrates the effect of magmatic intrusions in modifying the reservoir characteristics of carbonate rocks, and has important implications for oil and gas exploration.

    Time:

    Title: Hydrocarbon Saturation Estimation Using an Adaptive Interval Inversion Method Applied to Borehole Geophysical Logs

    Norbert Peter Szabo
    University of Miskolc, Hungary

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    Biography

    Norbert Peter Szabo
    University of Miskolc, Hungary

    Norbert Péter Szabó graduated as a geophysical engineer in 1999, and gained his PhD in 2005 at the University of Miskolc (UM), Hungary. He is currently working as associate professor in the Department of Geophysics at the UM. In 2015, he obtained the “dr. habil” title. His main research interest is related to borehole geophysical logging methods. He participates in the development of joint inversion and geostatistical methods for an improved evaluation of hydrocarbon reservoirs. In recent years, he wrote several Q1 ranked articles about global optimization methods and exploratory multivariate statistical methods and their well-logging applications.



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    Abstract

    Norbert Peter Szabo
    University of Miskolc, Hungary

    A soft computing approach is applied to estimate the vertical distribution of hydrocarbon saturation along the borehole. In the framework of the suggested interval inversion method, oilfield well logs measured at an arbitrary depth interval are jointly inverted, where the depth variation of hydrocarbon saturation and other important volumetric parameters are expanded into series using Legendre polynomials as basis functions. In the interval inversion procedure, the series expansion coefficients are estimated using an adaptive float-encoded genetic algorithm. From the inversion results, one can derive the movable and irreducible parts of hydrocarbon content. Since the solution of the inverse problem using linear optimization tools highly depends on the selection of the initial petrophysical model, a meta-heuristic search is made to reduce the initial model dependence of the interval inversion procedure. The optimization strategy used in interval inversion seeks the global extreme of the objective function and provide an estimate to the vertical distribution of petrophysical parameters even starting the inversion procedure from extremely high distances from the optimum. As a significance, the interval inversion method does not require prior knowledge (e.g. from core information) or strong restrictions on the values of petrophysical properties and gives quality-checked inversion results practically independent of the initial model, which serves a more reliable estimation of hydrocarbon reserves. The feasibility of the inversion method is demonstrated in a Hungarian unconsolidated gas-bearing shaly-sand formation. The interval inversion method can be further improved by estimating some petrophysical parameters outside the inversion procedure. For instance, factor analysis can be used to estimate the shale volume or other critical unknowns. In the future, well logs of unconventional reservoirs are inverted to interpret multi-mineral rock matrices, organic content, and complex pore-space and fluid saturation conditions.

    Time:

    Title: Devonian Black Shale in the Volga-Ural Region and Features of their Formation

    Irina Plotnikova
    The Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Irina Plotnikova
    The Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

    Irina Plotnikova is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Leading Researcher of the Institute of Advanced Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, Professor of the Kazan National Research Technological University. She lives and works in Kazan, Russia. The field of here scientific interests are unconventional sources of oil and gas. For many years she studied the prospects of oil and gas content of the crystalline basement of ancient platforms. At the present time, I. Plotnikova studies the organic matter of the black shale of the Domashnikit rocks and the conditions for their formation. The study of the macro- and microelemental composition of black shales, as well as the study of the distribution of organic matter in black shales, made it possible to confirm the effect of the endogenous processes on the formation of the black shale of the domino type in the Volga-Ural region.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Irina Plotnikova
    The Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

    The object of our study – carbonate-siliceous enriched with organic matter (OM) rocks of the Sargaevsky, Semiluksky and Mendimsky horizons of the Upper Devonian in connection with the assessment of their prospects for the presence of productive deposits of "shale" oil. In the complex of prospecting works, a great deal of attention is paid to geochemical research, which makes it possible to determine the features of OM, to establish the history of the black shale formation. In the bitumens of the Semiluksky horizon, there are compounds of the aromatic group C10-C40 with a tetrasubstituted benzene ring, of which three substituents are methyl, and one is an alkyl chain of the isoprenoid structure. These compounds are relict in nature, associated with natural biological substances (isoe-rientenes) of the composition C40, which are photosynthetic green sulfur bacteria, living in a rigid anaerobic environment. The dominant process in the formation of the OM of the Semiluksky horizon was an active bacterial effect due to the peculiarity of the geological situation: the presence in the basin of sedimentation of significant areas and times of existence of oxygen-free zones and hydrogen sulfide contamination. The formation of high-carbon strata of the dome type is associated with the periodic occurrence in the Franco-Famennian time of anoxidic events and near-bottom hydrogen sulfide contamination. The periods of tectono-magmatic activation were determined by: 1 - intake of SiO2 and a wide range of trace elements with products of underwater volcanism and with outflow of deep juvenile waters and reconstructed fluid systems along zones of active tectonic faults; 2 - the emergence of a restorative and sharply reducing environment and hydrogen sulfide contamination of a significant part of the water column of the basin, which resulted in an instant increase in bioproductivity (possibly due to the introduction of hydrocarbons into the basin), which determined the high values of TOC and high organic carbon strata; 3 - the pulsating character of tectono-magmatic activity determined the lithological heterogeneity of the Semiluk-Mendyumsky deposits, as well as the uneven distribution of OM, the siliceous component, the sharp and clear boundaries between interlayers enriched in OM, and practically nonexistent. The emergence of anoxid environments and hydrogen sulfide contamination is most likely due to the periodic activation of volcanic activity or other endogenous processes that are regional in nature and occur over a significant area of the continental slope.

    Time:

    Title: Characterisations of Silurian Hot Shale in Ahnet Basin, Algeria (Case Study well NAW-1)

    Mohamed Mehdi Kadri
    Universite Kasdi Merbah, Algeria

    Biography
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    Biography

    Mohamed Mehdi Kadri
    Universite Kasdi Merbah, Algeria

    Dr. Kadri Mohamed Mehdi awarded his PhD (Petroleum Geology) in 2017 from Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria University; His career history included working as well site Geologiste for two petroleum companies (Baker Hughes from 2007 to 2010 and Sonatrach from 2010 to 2013), very interested in Unconventional Resources. He is currently the Vice Director of the technology Institute at the University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla and an Assistant Professor at the Department of earth science at the faculty of Hydrocarbon, earth science and renewable energy.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Mohamed Mehdi Kadri
    Universite Kasdi Merbah, Algeria

    Reservoirs characterizations still the best way to predict production and suggest future well plan. The advance method in unconventional reservoir is the determination of hot shale interval distribution along the shale thickness in a vertical well; therefore the sweet window can be determined, this latest represents the path of future wells should be drilled horizontally. The Silurian Hot shale interval in a well drilled vertically and exhibits a shale formation in Ahnet basin. The prediction of hot shale interval is by logging Data (Resistivity, Gamma Ray, Sonic) with calculation of total organic carbon (TOC) using ∆ log R Method. The aim of this paper is to present Characterizations of Hot Shale using XRD, IR spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, This mixture of measurements evaluation and characterisation show that the hot shale interval located in the lower of Silurian characterised by abundance of Illite, Based on the analysis of extracts by IR spectroscopy, the molecules adsorbed at the surface of shale sheet are significantly different from petroleum hydrocarbons. Study of sample using the method of gas-liquid chromatography showed that the study extract is a hydroxypropyl.

    Time:

    Title: Change of the Arctic Geological Environment in the Oil and Gas Areas under the Influence of Non-Recurrent Fast Processes

    Elena Chernykh
    Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Elena Chernykh
    Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

    Vladimir Salnikov is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Geology and Mineral Exploration of the Institute of Natural Resources of TPU. He was born on April 15, 1940. Vladimir Salnikov published more than 300 scientific papers, 8 monographs and 3 textbooks. He actively participates in scientific conferences, seminars, symposia, and also makes reports at meetings of the Tomsk branch of the International Academy of Energy and Information Sciences. He lectures at the course "General Geology", where he applies advanced knowledge in the field of geology, geoecology and energy-information interactions in nature.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Elena Chernykh
    Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

    The special relevance of studies of the geological environment present problems in Geology associated with oil and gas development in the Arctic. The anthropogenic-technogenic phenomena include: nuclear weapons testing, accidents at nuclear power plants, hydroelectric power plants, industrial plants, mining strikes and explosions of methane in mines. For example, the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station on the Tomsk Siberian chemical Kombinat (SCK) and numerous explosions in the mines of Kuzbass, as well as the launching of missiles for various purposes. For example, the holes were formed in the fields of the Izhmorsky district in the Kemerovo region, in the Krapivnevsky district, in the Tselinograd region and other regions. In the Arctic, two "plow" arose on the peninsulas Yamal and Gydan. The third was found on the Taimyr Peninsula at the mouth of the Yenisei River in April 2012. The diameter 4 meters and a depth 100m. The ground is scattered by 900 m. The mechanism of the formation of the pit can be explained by the accumulation of methane and the subsequent ejection of the soil by the electromagnetic system. It can be assumed that the accumulation of energy occurred as a result of the preparation of earthquake foci, nuclear explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site and on Novaya Zemlya. We have established that the access to the surface of electromagnetic systems is confined to the junction of geological structures, tectonic zones, intersections of the lineaments of mechanical stresses, the hydrosystem. The variety of shapes and spectra of electromagnetic radiation of plasmoids (electromagnetic systems) can be explained on the basis of their quasicrystalline structure, convergence and polymorphism.

  • Sessions:
    Poster Presentations

    Time:

    Title: Preparation and Characterization of Dense Membranes Based Hdl for Separation: Aromatic-Aliphatic Mixtures

    Aouinti Leila
    Oran University of Science and Technology, Algeria

    Biography
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    Biography

    Aouinti Leila
    Oran University of Science and Technology, Algeria



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Aouinti Leila
    Oran University of Science and Technology, Algeria

    Separation of organic–organic liquid mixtures using membranes has been investigated extensively owing to its great importance in chemical industries since several decades. Among the most studied mixtures, one can cite alcohol-ether, aromatic-alkane and alkane-alcene systems. If the latter system is certainly the most difficult one to separate with a membrane process, promising results have already been obtained for the two former. Nevertheless even in these cases, pervaporation (PV) has not yet been applied as an economical and simple alternative to the above listed organic-organic separation technologies. Thus such liquid-liquid separations are still carried out by means of energy consuming processes, such as rectification, azeotropic distillation or liquid-liquid separation. As one of the reasons seems to be the need of speciality polymers required to get promising PV features and hence the low availability of such polymers, we decided to investigate the potential of mixed matrix membranes based on a technical polymer of low cost to overcome this problem. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) based mixed matrix membranes were prepared with HDL particles. The properties of the resulting composite membranes wer studied for the separation of toluene-heptane mixtures. It was found that the PVC transport properties could be modified both by the amount and by the HDL incorporated.

    Time:

    Title: Green Catalyst from Natural Eggshell for Biodiesel Production

    Kaoutar Kara
    Mohammed V University, Morocco

    Biography
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    Biography

    Kaoutar Kara
    Mohammed V University, Morocco

    Kaoutar KARA received the master’s degree in Surface Hydrology and Water Quality from Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University of Science and Technology, Fez, Morocco. She is currently a PhD student at the Laboratory of Mechanics and Industrial Processes. Chemical Sciences Research Team Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco. Her research interests are in waste fish valorization, biodiesel production and green energy.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Kaoutar Kara
    Mohammed V University, Morocco

    High active, reusable solid catalyst was obtained from eggshell by a simple heat treatment method. Calcined eggshell was used in the transesterification of vegetable oil with methanol to produce biodiesel. In order to explain the effect of calcination temperature, we investigated the calcination process of eggshell with thermal gravity analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis. The yield of biodiesel was affected by reaction variables, such as methanol/oil ratio, catalyst amount and reaction time. For the following reactions, all the catalyst was prepared by calcinning eggshell at 800 °C for 2 h. the produced biodiesel was characterized by techniques such as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The experimental results showed that the yield increase with increasing the methanol/oil molar ratio, and reached a maximum when the ratio was above 9 and 3% of catalyst. The method of reusing eggshell waste to prepare catalyst could recycle the waste, minimizing contaminants, reducing the cost of catalyst, and making the catalyst environmentally friendly. This high efficient and low-cost eggshell catalyst could make the process of biodiesel production economic and fully ecologically friendly.

    Time:

    Title: Reservoir Geology and Effects on Exploitation of Natural Bitumen Deposits (Nigerian Deposits as a Case Study)

    Adewale Akinmosin
    University of Lagos, Nigeria

    Biography
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    Biography

    Adewale Akinmosin
    University of Lagos, Nigeria



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Adewale Akinmosin
    University of Lagos, Nigeria

    Geological investigation have led to discovery of huge tar sand deposits within Afowo Formation of the Turonian – Maastrichtianage(9.5 – 65.0 Ma) in the Nigerian sector of the Eastern DahomeyBasin. This study aims at determining the feasibility of exploiting the major hydrocarbon resource Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) enhanced recovery technique. Samples from three core holes were dry sievied to determine the particle size distribution and their sections studied using a petrographic microscope. Clay mineral content was determined using X-Ray diffraction scanning electron microscopy The granulometric analysis shows the bituminous sediments to be generally fine grained and moderately sorted, and the grains are angular to subangular. Porosity ranges from15.5ɸ to 33.6ɸ, while an average permeability value of 4800mD (medium) was recorded for sandstones. Petrographic study, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry showed quartz as the dominant mineral component, with subordinate feldspar and other accessory minerals. The predominance of quartz is probably due to its mechanical stability. The low frequency of feldspar is attributable to its susceptibility to mechanical and chemical breakdown respectively during transport and after deposition, with latter accounting for the observed secondary porosity. Kaolinite is the common clay mineral present in the oil sands and may not have sufficiently reduced the reservoir quality to negatively impacting enhanced recovery operation by steam assisted gravity drainage.

    Time:

    Title: Excess Volumes and Partial Molar Volumes of Binary Mixtures of 2 Methylfuran with Alcohols at 298.15

    Luis Alberto Follegatti Romero
    San Ignacio de Loyola University, Peru

    Biography
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    Biography

    Luis Alberto Follegatti Romero
    San Ignacio de Loyola University, Peru



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Luis Alberto Follegatti Romero
    San Ignacio de Loyola University, Peru

    Ethanol and biodiesel have been thought of as the market–leading gasoline alternative due to the strong environmental appeal and to its mass production methods. However, some limitations of these biofuels as a direct substitute for petrol have inspired the development of chemical catalytic transformation for producing 2–methylfuran (MF), a promising furan–type biofuel, from carbohydrates or cellulosic biomass. MF is considered to be a better biofuel than ethanol in terms of production efficiency, energy density, handling and storage. It is particularly very attractive due to its physical and chemical properties, such as the research octane number (RON=101) and its motor octane number (MON=86), that are similar to those of gasoline. Additionally, MF is not soluble in water and can be used directly or blended with gasoline in motor vehicles. The MF production process involves its separation from the synthesis (hydrogenolysis) of HMF to MF over a CuRu catalyst and its separation from the extracting solvent and unreacted intermediates. Several solvents have been tested in the MF reaction and purification, among them 1–butanol, 2–butanol, 1–hexanol, methylisobutylketone and toluene. In order to explore the MF production process and its applications as a fuel or as a gasoline additive, it is necessary to characterize some thermodynamic properties. A survey of the literature shows that no densities and volumetric properties data are available for the MF and alcohols. The densities and excess molar volumes of the MF and their mixtures with alcohols are required, for instance, for relating excess enthalpy and excess Gibbs free energy values. From a practical point of view, the data are useful for the design of mixing, reaction, separation and storage equipment. In this work, we present the densities, excess molar volumes and partial molar volumes for binary mixtures of MF with 1–propanol/2–propanol/1–butanol/2–butanol at 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure over the entire range of composition. The densities were determined experimentally using a digital densimeter (Anton Paar model DMA–5000, Austria) with oscillatory U-tube, precise to ± 0.00001 g.cm–3, previously calibrated with air and water (distilled and deionized) at known temperature. The calculated excess molar volumes were negative over the entire range of composition considered, suggesting influence of the chain carbon on the molecular interactions between MF and the alcohols in the mixtures. The excess molar volumes deviations were determined from the experimental data and fitted to a Redlich–Kister type equation satisfactorily to correlate their dependences on composition.

    Time:

    Title: Heterogeneous Imine MetathesisFacilitated by Surface Organometallic Fragments (SOMF) for Group 4–imido Complexes

    Maha A Aljuhani
    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    Biography
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    Biography

    Maha A Aljuhani
    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    Maha A Aljuhani A PhD student at KAUST. Research interest are in Synthesis of nanomayetrals, and catalysis.



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Maha A Aljuhani
    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    Well-defined single-site surface species [(≡Si-O-)Hf(NMe2)3 generates [(≡Si-O-Hf([=NMe)NMe2] that displays a methylimido fragment after 24 hr heating under high vacuum (10-5 mbar). Both surface species were characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, 1H-13C HETCOR and DNP. Treatment by minute amount [(≡Si-O-Hf([=NMe)NMe2] of two different imine substrates (imine metatheis) led to rapid imine exchange compared to its Ti and Zr peers catalyst.

    Time:

    Title: Oil Spill Cleanup and Recovery by Polyurethane Sponge coated with Silane

    Sagar Dadhich

    Biography
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    Biography

    Sagar Dadhich



    Abstract
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    Abstract

    Sagar Dadhich

    Objectives/Scope: With oil becoming scarcer and more expensive, the economics of the industry may finally tip in favour of one of the most neglected areas of its business - the technology for cleaning up oil spills. Oil spills can be costly for companies and for the environment. The traditional method of clearing an oil spill, containing it with the use of booms, skimming, and centrifuges .But these containment methods have not been successful as nearly 60000 barrels of oil get released into water every day. However these methods can be replaced with polyurethane foams that can sponge the oil directly out of the water. The idea presents an approach to solve this problem by use of porous material that not only absorb oil effectively but also provide a way to recover the spilled oil. Methods, Procedures, Process: Polyurethanes are linear polymers containing carbamate groups (-NHCO2). These groups, called urethane, are produced through a chemical reaction between a diisocyanate and a polyol. It is a super-absorbent polymer (oil-SAP) that exhibits high oil absorption capability (up to 50 times of its weight), fast kinetics, easy recovery from water surface, and no water absorption. The Coating of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by silica can be achieved according Stöber method consists that consists of the hydrolysis and condensation of a silica precursor, such as tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) . Results, Observations, Conclusions: The experimental and theoretical study shows that with highly interconnected open porous structures, and pore sizes below 500 micrometres, it is possible to reach absorption capacities as high as 30 grams of oil per gram of polyurethane. Many properties of Polyurethane and Silane have been studied which makes them stand a chance of replacing the present oil spill cleanup methods. The oil sponge consists of a simple foam made of polyurethane or polyimide plastics and coated with “oil-loving” silane molecules with a sweet spot for capturing oil. An interconnected structure, which water can easily flow through, is key to creating a highly effective mechanical sponge for clearing oil spills. The silane molecules are used to induce the super hydrophobic transformation.. Novel/Additive Information: The presented approach will provide a facile and easily scalable solution for the design and construction of multifunctional absorbent material with low costs for practical applications (Oil Spills).Future oil spills can be very effectively tackled by the use of Polyurethane sponge coated with silane molecules. Key Words: Oil Spill, Cleanup, Recovery, Polyurethane

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